DESTINATION HINDUSTAN

 


HEALTH  PRECAUTIONS & VACCINATION

INTRODUCTION

India is located in south-central Asia. Its climate is mostly tropical or sub-tropical and subject to seasonal monsoon winds, especially the southwest rain during summer. India is an economically developing democratic republic and has worked very hard to control diseases. Adequate medical care is available in the major population centers, but is usually limited in the rural areas of the country.

Many developed countries like Britain are utilizing the state-of-the-art medical services available in India. The cost of treatment is much cheaper here in comparison to the same facilities available in advanced countries.

DISEASES & ACCIDENTS

The most important cause of illness of travelers in India is food and waterborne diseases. Diarrhea can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. Infections may cause simple diarrhea and vomiting, fever, or, in extreme cases, liver damage (hepatitis).

Malaria is a preventable infection that can create trouble if left untreated. One can prevent infection by taking prescribed anti-malarial drugs and protecting against mosquito bites. Malaria risk in this region exists in some urban and rural areas, depending on the elevation.

If someone is visiting the mountainous region of the Himalayas, he should ascend gradually to allow time for the body to adjust to the high altitude, which can cause insomnia, headaches, nausea, and altitude sickness. In addition, one should use sunblock rated at least 15 SPF, because the risk of sunburn is greater at high altitudes.

PRECAUTIONS

VACCINATION FORMALITIES

Although yellow fever does not occur in India, proof of appropriate vaccination may be required depending on one's itinerary.

Requirement

Any person (except infants up to the age of six months) arriving by air or sea without a certificate is detained in isolation for a period up to six days if he or she:

The following countries and areas are regarded by India as infected:

Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Surinam, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela, Zaire, Zambia.

When a case of yellow fever is reported from any country, that country is regarded by the Government of India as infected with yellow fever and subsequently added to the above list.

No other vaccination certificate is mandatory, though one may like to consult his doctor for inoculation against typhoid, hepatitis A, and meningitis.

OTHER VACCINES

See the doctor at least 4-6 weeks before the trip to allow time for shots to take effect.
These vaccinations can be thought about depending on the previous history of the traveler

 

N.B. Information given above are liable to change from time to time and one should contact the Indian missions of the respective country or the government tourist offices for more information.

For inoculation against communicable diseases, one can contact the Vaccinations and Inoculation Center for Yellow Fever, Domestic Arrivals, Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi (Ph. 011-5665348) or International Inoculation Center, Mandir Marg (behind St. Thomas School), New Delhi (Ph. 011-3361675)