Combination skin is a combination of both
oily and dry skin. There is a greasy center panel consisting of nose,
forehead and chin and a dry panel consisting of cheeks, mouth and the
areas around the eyes. To keep oiliness and dryness under control, the
skin needs to be cared for as two distinct types - oily and dry. This
type of skin is very common, and it should be treated as if it were two
different types of skin. Problems occur when you attempt to treat
combination skin as one unified skin type. Many ingredients that are
appropriate for the T-zone (the area along the center of the forehead
and down the nose where most of the active oil glands on the face are
located) won't help the drier parts of cheeks, eyes, or jaw areas and
vice versa. More often than not, separate products are required to deal
with the different skin types on your face because different skin types,
even on the same face, must be treated differently to truly feel and
look better. Once you accept this fact and adjust your routine,
combination skin can be brought into balance, at least to the extent
that using the right products allows! In fact, "balance" is a key word
to keep in mind when dealing with combination skin. The goal is to
provide your oily and drier areas with appropriate products that address
the needs specific to these skin types.
Causes Of Combination Skin
This skin type tends to develop with time, especially in those skins
that were oily during puberty. The oily and dry patches of combination
skin do change with age. Most people will notice that combination skin
changes with age, the seasons, the environment and hormonal
Routine Care For Combination Skin
Eating a balanced diet and, if necessary,
taking appropriate supplements, is a vital part of creating a healthy
complexion. Bear in mind that it takes a good three weeks for newly
formed cells to reach the skin's surface, so it takes time for lasting
results to show. Vitamins A, C and E, selenium and zinc are essential
antioxidants that help to enhance collagen repair and generally
promote skin healing. Essential fatty acids (EFAs) can also have a
positive effect on skin as they form a barrier that prevents moisture
loss that helps combat dryness, fine lines and wrinkles.
Avoid overwashing. This will make your
cheeks drier and strip oil from the T-zone, causing the sebaceous
glands to produce more sebum to compensate.
Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water,
Wash your face with a gentle, water-soluble
cleanser that does not leave skin feeling tight or dry. Most
combination skin types do well with gel-based or mildly foaming
Avoid heavy moisturisers These will nourish
the dry areas of your face but will be too lubricating for the T-zone.
It's better to strike a balance with a light, non-pore-blocking
Avoid bar soaps or bar cleansers of any
kind, regardless of claims of gentleness or no residue. The
ingredients that keep a bar cleanser or soap in its bar form can clog
pores, and the cleansing ingredients are always far more drying than a
gentle cleanser contains.
Look for cleansers suitable for combination
skin. A deep-pore cleanser will help to keep the oily T-zone clear. In
the summer, an antibacterial soap will help to keep bacteria in check
and prevent problems in the T-zone.
Do not forget to exercise regularly. If you
can't go to a gym or go for a swim every day, make sure that you walk
for 30 minutes every day. Your fitness regimen is just as important as
your beauty regimen. The time you rush to work should not be a part of
this fitness regimen—you should be relaxed when you go for your
regular daily half-hour walk.
If you opt to use a toner, the same toner
can be used all over the face if it does not contain ingredients that
make oily areas feel slick or greasy. Water- and glycerin-based toners
are ideal, but be sure they also contain plenty of antioxidants,
water-binding agents, and, if applicable, cell-communicating
When you exfoliate, pay special attention to
oilier areas such as the chin, nose and forehead. A gel mask suits
combination skin. Or try using two different masks: a clay mask for
the oil-prone nose, chin and forehead, and a cream mask for dry areas,
such as the cheeks.
Sunscreen must be used every day,
year-round. Make sure it contains one of these UVA-protecting
ingredients: titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or avobenzone. A foundation
and pressed powder with sunscreen is perfect for this skin type to
avoid applying moisturizers with sunscreen all over the face.
Treat dry areas (including the eye area)
with a moisturizer loaded with antioxidants, water-binding agents, and
ingredients that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin.
Regular use of these state-of-the-art ingredients can eliminate dry
skin. Make sure the product you buy is packaged in an airtight, opaque
container (absolutely no jars) to keep the antioxidants stable.
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