The Indian education
system, like all other things, initially took its model from the British
Presently it is in the
The academic year of
schools across the country usually begins in June/July and ends in
The phases of education are generally classified into :
Lower Kindergarten or (LKG)
The entry level, basically at the age of four-five.
Upper Kindergarten (UKG)
Standard to the VII
StandardHigh or Secondary School
or Secondary School
The X Standard
examination is also known as Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving
Certificate (SSLC) or Secondary School Certificate (SSC). This examination is
conducted by the State Secondary Education Board in every state.
Apart from the
states, the Central Government also has two separate boards to oversee education
on a national level in schools which come under its aegis. These boards are the
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Indian Central School Education
Board (ICSE). These schools have classes till the 12th Standard or
Plus Two level, as they are known as.
(The reason for having
a separate board was to override the problem faced by government employees who
get transferred to different locations across the country. Since each state has
some compulsory language subjects, it would be difficult for students - say from
Maharashtra to suddenly pick up Kannada as a third language in
In most states after
one completes the Secondary School final exam – X standard, they usually have
One can join various courses that are open to SSC passed
students and can include the One year Industrial Training Institute, a two-years
'Teachers' Training Course, a three-year Diploma in any engineering stream.
There are plenty of other options, like attempting the staff selection
examinations and taking employment in government offices.
portal that attracts students is Junior College which is equivalent to the XI
and XII or Plus Two Or Higher Secondary (HSC)or Pre-University College (PUC).
This is the first area where students need to make a decision of the line which
they want to get into.
This can be in three main areas -
Arts or Humanities
- The subjects can be any stream from arts,
languages, etc. To get a better understanding of what opportunities exist for
different streams have a look here. More...
-Basically pertaining to commercial studies.
-Highly coveted for those aiming to be engineers and doctors.
After the completion of
this level, students enter the graduation level. Depending upon their
performance students can choose subjects of their choice. Engineering and
medicine being a highly coveted area, most states have a common entrance test
which restricts the number of students who finally get the seats. Of course,
many can get the seats without appearing for the tests by paying the capitation
fees, or in other words, huge donations ranging from Rs 10,000 to