Sericulture as Career

The word ‘sericulture’ is derived from the Greek word ‘sericos’ which means ‘silk’ and the English word ‘culture’ meaning ‘rearing’. Sericulture refers to the conscious mass-scale rearing of silk producing organisms to obtain silk. This agro based industry is not limited to just worms, but includes all activities related to them, like mulberry cultivation and even post-cocoon technology. It requires both technical know-how and as well as specialization. Mulberry sericulture involves the cultivation of mulberry to produce leaf rearing of silkworm to convert leaf to the cocoon, reeling of the cocoon to obtain silk yarn and weaving to convert the yarn to fabric. Today China and Japan are two main producers of silk yarn, together producing over 50% of total world production each year.

India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five kinds of Silk- Mulberry, Eri, Muga, Tropical Tasar and temperate (oak) Tasar.



Undergraduate courses

 10+2 with science

Postgraduate courses

 Bachelor's degree in agriculture, sericulture or any agricultural field


To become a sericulture graduate one has to pass four years degree from sericulture college of state agricultural universities or silk institutes of various universities. There are two types of degree, BSc. (sericulture) and bsc silk technology (sericulture).

For admission in the 4 years sericulture degree course one can apply after 10+2 having PCB group. Admission is given as per merit test of candidates and availability of seats. Special quota for outside state candidates are allowed to the candidates who have passed entrance exam of ICAR. BSc (sericulture) and Bsc silk technology (sericulture) involves courses such as silk worm rearing and grainage, s/w breeding & genetics, silk reeling and spinning, silk grading and testing, seed technology, arboriculture and moriculture, disease and pest of silk worm and food plants, production planning & extension, costing and management, silk weaving technology, silk dying and printing technology. Fourth year syllabus contains practical experience like sericulture farm/silk reeling unit/weaving and dyeing-printing mill also.

After completion of BSc (sericulture)/ BSc sericulture technology candidates can become MSc (sericulture)/ silk technology for admission in central institute one can has to appear for entrance test.\


Undergraduate courses

 4 years

Postgraduate courses

 2 years


State government:-every state government has a sericulture directorate under industry department which advertise:

  • Project manager (sericulture), Assistant. Director (sericulture), research officer (sericulture), marketing officer (sericulture) etc for 4 years BSc silk technology/BSc sericulture/ pg diploma in sericulture with 2 years experience.

  • Assistant. Project officer/Assistant superintendent (Seri)/sericulture extension officer/sericulture inspector etc for four years 4 years BSc silk technology/BSc sericulture/ pg diploma in sericulture.

  • Supervisor: three years BSc (vocational) sericulture degree with one year experience.

  • Farm technician/Grainage technician: 2 years inter vocational sericulture course with one year apprenticeship training from NCVT.

  • Rearer: 10th pass with one year certificate in sericulture.

Human resources department (HRD):

  • Lecturer (Seri) at +2 higher secondary school: msc (Seri)/four years BSc degree in silk technology (sericulture).

  • Instructor (Seri): 4 years BSc degree in silk technology (sericulture).

  • Lab assistant: three years BSc vocational sericulture degree or BSc with pg diploma in sericulture.

  • State Khadi board: as a development officer, District Khadi officer.

Central Government :- One can get job in central government agency like central silk board/silk export promotion Council/FAO/NABARD, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ATMA, KVIC etc.

Academic Institutes :- Candidates having post graduate degree (MSc Seri/ MSc Sericulture Technology) can apply for the post of lecturer, Assistant professor in the faculty of sericulture in various degree/diploma college/institute.

National Banks :- Sericulture graduates can get jobs as a field officer, manager in agriculture loan section in nationalized bank as well as private bank.

Private sector :-Candidates can work as a manager in sericulture farm, grainage, silk reeling (filature), silk weaving mill, dyeing printing industry, spinning mill etc.

NGO sectors :- candidates can work as a sericulture manager in various central government sponsored scheme like sgsy, welfare dep’t. Scheme run by NGO’s like Pradan, Vikash Bharati etc.

Self employment:- as a entrepreneur, after obtaining the professional degree in BSc. Silk technology/sericulture, candidates can start their own enterprises

Financial support can be obtained through NABARD or through nationalized banks. The main areas in which sericulture enterprise can be developed are: Grainage (seed production), cocoon production, silk reeling/spinning, silk fabrics production (weaving), silk dyeing/printing, embroidery work, Madhubani painting on silk fabrics etc.

Educational Institutions

Sericulture is quite popular in southern India and is now available as course option in Northern India.

  • Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore

  • College of Agriculture, Bangalore

  • Shivaji University, Kolhapur

  • Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

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