FIELDS OF EDUCATION,
CAREER OPTIONS AND PROSPECTUS
CAREER IN SERICULTURE
Sericulture as Career
The word ‘sericulture’ is derived from the Greek
word ‘sericos’ which means ‘silk’ and the English word ‘culture’ meaning
‘rearing’. Sericulture refers to the conscious mass-scale rearing of silk
producing organisms to obtain silk. This agro based industry is not limited to
just worms, but includes all activities related to them, like mulberry
cultivation and even post-cocoon technology. It requires both technical
know-how and as well as specialization. Mulberry sericulture involves the
cultivation of mulberry to produce leaf rearing of silkworm to convert leaf to
the cocoon, reeling of the cocoon to obtain silk yarn and weaving to convert
the yarn to fabric. Today China and Japan are two main producers of silk yarn,
together producing over 50% of total world production each year.
India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the
five kinds of Silk- Mulberry, Eri, Muga, Tropical Tasar and temperate (oak)
10+2 with science
Bachelor's degree in agriculture,
sericulture or any agricultural field
To become a sericulture graduate one has to pass four years degree from
sericulture college of state agricultural universities or silk institutes of
various universities. There are two types of degree, BSc. (sericulture) and
bsc silk technology (sericulture).
For admission in the 4 years sericulture degree course one can apply after
10+2 having PCB group. Admission is given as per merit test of candidates and
availability of seats. Special quota for outside state candidates are allowed
to the candidates who have passed entrance exam of ICAR. BSc (sericulture) and
Bsc silk technology (sericulture) involves courses such as silk worm rearing
and grainage, s/w breeding & genetics, silk reeling and spinning, silk grading
and testing, seed technology, arboriculture and moriculture, disease and pest
of silk worm and food plants, production planning & extension, costing and
management, silk weaving technology, silk dying and printing technology.
Fourth year syllabus contains practical experience like sericulture farm/silk
reeling unit/weaving and dyeing-printing mill also.
After completion of BSc (sericulture)/ BSc sericulture technology candidates
can become MSc (sericulture)/ silk technology for admission in central
institute one can has to appear for entrance test.\
State government:-every state government has a sericulture directorate under
industry department which advertise:
Project manager (sericulture), Assistant.
Director (sericulture), research officer (sericulture), marketing officer
(sericulture) etc for 4 years BSc silk technology/BSc sericulture/ pg diploma
in sericulture with 2 years experience.
Assistant. Project officer/Assistant
superintendent (Seri)/sericulture extension officer/sericulture inspector etc
for four years 4 years BSc silk technology/BSc sericulture/ pg diploma in
Supervisor: three years BSc (vocational)
sericulture degree with one year experience.
Farm technician/Grainage technician: 2 years
inter vocational sericulture course with one year apprenticeship training from
Rearer: 10th pass with one year certificate in
Human resources department (HRD):
Lecturer (Seri) at +2 higher secondary school:
msc (Seri)/four years BSc degree in silk technology (sericulture).
Instructor (Seri): 4 years BSc degree in silk
Lab assistant: three years BSc vocational
sericulture degree or BSc with pg diploma in sericulture.
State Khadi board: as a development officer,
District Khadi officer.
Central Government :- One can get job in central
government agency like central silk board/silk export promotion
Council/FAO/NABARD, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ATMA, KVIC etc.
Academic Institutes :- Candidates having post graduate degree (MSc Seri/ MSc
Sericulture Technology) can apply for the post of lecturer, Assistant
professor in the faculty of sericulture in various degree/diploma
National Banks :- Sericulture graduates can get jobs as a field officer,
manager in agriculture loan section in nationalized bank as well as private
Private sector :-Candidates can work as a manager in sericulture farm,
grainage, silk reeling (filature), silk weaving mill, dyeing printing
industry, spinning mill etc.
NGO sectors :- candidates can work as a sericulture manager in various central
government sponsored scheme like sgsy, welfare dep’t. Scheme run by NGO’s like
Pradan, Vikash Bharati etc.
Self employment:- as a entrepreneur, after obtaining the professional degree
in BSc. Silk technology/sericulture, candidates can start their own
Financial support can be obtained through NABARD or through nationalized
banks. The main areas in which sericulture enterprise can be developed are:
Grainage (seed production), cocoon production, silk reeling/spinning, silk
fabrics production (weaving), silk dyeing/printing, embroidery work, Madhubani
painting on silk fabrics etc.
Sericulture is quite popular in southern India and is now available as course
option in Northern India.
Central Sericultural Research and Training
College of Agriculture, Bangalore
Shivaji University, Kolhapur
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural
Sciences and Technology of Jammu