Heart Attack : FAQs
Myocardial infarction (mi): Heart attack 

What is the prognosis?
Achieving prompt medical attention is the most important factor for an improved prognosis with a heart attack. Rapid evaluation allows early treatment of potentially life-threatening arrhythmias, and permits early reperfusion (return of blood flow) of the heart muscle. The sooner that reperfusion is established, the smaller the resultant heart attack will be. Large and active cardiac centers often have a chest pain unit, where patients are rapidly screened for the presence of a heart attack, and prompt therapy is initiated.

If the heart attack is controlled well (medical management) and the damage restricted there is a fair chance of minimizing the complications that arise. The outcome of the disease is dependent on the control of the acute event (the heart attack per se); follow-up management and lifestyle modifications, which include modification of risk factors. The prognosis of a first time heart at a younger age (young adult) is poorer that at an older age (seniors).

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