INDIA FESTIVAL BAISAKHI




 
Baisakhi

 

Time of the year April 13/14 every year
Places to Visit Punjab
Duration One Day





The 'Baisakhi' festiaval is the New Year's Day of Punjab, celebrated with joyous music and dancing. This is the major festival of Sikhs and is celebrated with lot of enthusiasm and gaiety in the state of Punjab. It usually falls on April 13 (occasionally April 14) and celebrates the founding of the Sikh religion, in the late 15th century, by Guru Nanak, who is said to have begun his missionary travels on this day. It was proclaimed a special festival by the Sikh's third guru, Amar Das, and became the official birthday of the Sikh faith in 1699 when over 100,000 Sikhs gathered together to hear the tenth guru, Gobind Singh, establish what is known as the brotherhood of Sikhs, the Khalsa. Members of the Sikh faith were ordered to adopt the additional name of Singh, meaning lion, or Kaur, meaning lioness or princess, and to follow a code of conduct, which Sikhs still uphold today, practicing equality, kindness, righteousness, courage, steadfastness, and leadership. In April, this day marks the beginning of the Hindu solar new year. In fact this day is celebrated all over the country as new year day under different names. It is also the time when the harvest is ready to cut and store or sell. On this day Punjabi men perform bhangra. This strenuous dance tells the story of the agricultural process, from tilling the soil through harvesting. Baisakhi also commemorates the day in 1699 when Guru Gobing Singh founded the Khalsa, the fighting Sikh brotherhood that donned the distinctive Sikh outfits. Sikhs visit temples, such as the Golden Temple in Amritsar, where the holy Granth is read, commemorating the day on which the Guru asked five volunteers to offer their lives, then took them one at a time into a tent. He emerged each time with a bloody sword. In honor the "Beloved Five," a series of parades are held, in which sets of five men walk in front of the holy book with swords drawn. When the ceremony is over, a round of feasting, music-making, and dancing begins, amid the blossoming flowers and harvested grain.

Baisakhi has special significance for Hindus, as it marks the begining of the new year, and is celebrated with requisite bathing, partying, and worshipping. It is believed that on this day goddess Ganga descended to earth. To honour her many Hindus gather along the sacred Ganges River for ritual baths. They also plant poles wrapped in flags of god-embroidered silk in front of their homes, and hang pots of brass, copper or silver on top. Children wear garlands of flowers and run through the streets singing "May the new year come again and again!" The action is centered in the holy cities along the Ganges in north India, or in Srinagar's Mughal Gardens, Jammu's Nagbani Temple, or anywhere in Tamil Nadu.


History Of Baisakhi

Recipes On Baisakhi

 

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