Behind Bhai Duj
Long time back, Surya, the sun God, was married to a beautiful princess called
Samjna (also prounced as Sangya). In course of a year, she presented Him with
The twins were christened Yama, and Varni or Yamuna, and they grew up
However, Samjna, after some time, were unable to bear the brilliance of her
husband, decided to go back to earth. However, she left her shadow, Chaya, her
exact replica, behind, so that to Surya, it would appear that she is still
there.However, Chhaya turned out to be a cruel stepmother and was very unkind
to the twins. She soon gave birth to her own children, and convinced Surya to
drive out Samjna’s twins from the heaven. Varni fell to earth and became the
river Yamuna, and Yama went to the underworld (hell) and became the King of
Years passed. Varni married a handsome prince and was haapy in her life but
she missed her brother wanted to see him. Yama, too, missed his sister and
decided one day to visit her.
After hearing the news of her brother's visit, Varni prepared a great feast in
his honor. It was two days after Deepavali, so her home was already decorated.
Yama, too, was delighted by his sister's loving welcome, and brother and
sister spent a pleasant evening in each other's company, after their long
period of separation.
When it was time for Yama to return to his kingdom in hell, he turned to his
sister and said, "Dear Varni, you have welcomed me so lovingly. But I did not
bring you a gift. Ask, therefore, for something and it will be yours." So
inreturn Varni asked from him that all brothers should remember their sisters
on this day and visit them if they can, and that, on this day, all sisters
should pray for the happiness of their brothers. This is how the custom of
Bhai-duj, or bhai-phonta, came into practice.
Another myth for celebrating this occassion is that on this day Lord Krishna,
after assassinating the Narakasura demon, goes to his sister Subhadra who
welcomes him with the lamp, flowers and sweets, and mark his forehead with
holy protective spot.
Bhai Duj is celebrated also because on this day Bhagawaan Mahavir found
nirvana, his brother Raja Nandivardhan was distressed because he missed him
and was comforted by his sister Sudarshana. Since then, women have been
revered during this festival.
About Bhai Duj and It is Celebrated
Bhai Duj Shlokas and Mantra
Bhai Duj Special Recipe