Life Of Guru Nanak


Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in 1469 A.D. at Tolevandi at a distance of about 50 kms from Lahore. In school, he picked up the wooden plank that served as his slate, and wrote on it an acrostic using all 35 alphabets to compose verses that questioned the meaning of learning without understanding, a verse that forms part of the Granth Saheb. Often the father must have must have got impatient indeed; when sent to buy goods from the marketplace, he gave away all the money to a band of indigents that he saw in the bazar.

The son of a Kshatriya (warrior) family, he studied Hinduism and Islam. He got married but then he abandoned his family and became an ascetic. Wandering for many years he came under the influence of both Hindus and Muslims (especially Sufi). The Muslim teacher Kabir (died in 1398) made a deep impression on Guru Nanak. He began preaching, "There is no Hindu, there is no Mussulman." .

While still a youth, Nanak underwent a profound spiritual experience. For three days he disappeared, immersed in the river Baain. Here, says the Puratan Janamasakhi, he was in direct communion with God, who bade him to heed His words, and to carry them to all mankind. "Nanak," said the Voice, "I am with thee, and I do bless and exalt thee...Go rejoice in my Name, and teach others to do so...Let this be thy calling."

He sought out the company of holy men, pandits and mullahs, ascetics who had renounced life as well as scholars of the scriptures, and engaged them in long discussions. The roots of this contemplation lay in the prevailing religious atmosphere, a turbulent era of warring faiths.

Guru Nanak passed away in 1539. After him was to follow a succession of nine Gurus, before Guru Gobind Singh decreed that thereafter there would be no living Guru, but the Granth Saheb would be considered the embodiment of the Guru, since it contained their collective wisdom

Guru Nanak Jayanti

Guru Nanak's Teaching and Phillosphy






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