History of Guru Gobind Singh


Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708 C.E.) lived during an extremely dangerous time. As a child he had drunk deep at the fount of Raamaayana, Mahaabhaarata and Puraanas. He was inspired with the heroic examples of Sri Rama, Sri Krishna, Bheema and Arjuna. He felt convinced that he too like those great forbears was born to vanquish the wicked and protect Dharma. Richly had Guru Govind Singh inherited the legacy of the fearless martyrdom of his father - Guru Tegh Bahadur. His father had sacrificed his life to protect the freedom of worship by Hindus, who were being threatened with conversion or death by zealous Muslim rulers. Abduction of women and pillage of goods were rampant, but the people were too timid and terrorized to resist. In the midst of this political situation, Guru Gobind Singh gained great stature as both Saint and soldier a leader of firm spiritual principles and intense devotion to God, and at the same time, fearless dedication to protecting all people from oppression and injustice through the practice of Kshatradharma.

In 1699, He dramatically initiated five men from the lower castes as His Five Beloveds, blessing them with great courage as well as nearness to God. They became models for the Khalsa, the Order of the Pure, which Guru Gobind Singh created to stand on the front line against injustice. The Khalsa were held to a very strict moral and spiritual discipline and under Guru Gobind Singh's courageous inspiration, helped to turn the tide against Mughal oppression in India. In addition to his spiritual and military leadership, Guru Gobind Singh was a gifted intellectual and had many poets in his court. He was inspired to write many powerful spiritual compositions that infused a martial spirit in the people. This included the Jaap Sahib, but he did not include them in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. His writings have instead been collected in a separate volume, called the Dasam Granth. Upon His passing away, He instructed his Sikhs to regard the Guru Granth Sahib as their teacher. 'Granth' literally means 'volume' (especially, a Holy volume). 'Sahib' is a term of reverence used for anything sacred. The Guru Granth Sahib is the perpetual guru of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh and his followers were engaged in many battles against several Mughal rulers during his lifetime. During that turbulent period, he lost his mother and four children in fighting for righteousness. Nevertheless, the Khalsa soldiers stood determined as a sovereign and distinct body, and could efficiently withstand their enemies.

Before his death in 1708, he added a few writings to the Sikh scriptures and requested his worshippers to take spiritual guidance out of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs. The words enclosed in Guru Granth Sahib are from now on and will forever be present as their Guru for the Sikhs

About Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti







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