Nine Forms of Godess Durga
There are total nine forms of Goddess Durga which when taken together is
called the Nav Durga.
Shailaputri - She is the first form of Maa Durga and the daughter of
Himalaya. In previous birth she was the daughter of Daksha. Her name was Sati
- Bhavani. i.e. the wife of Lord Shiva.
2. Brahmacharini - The second form of Goddess Durga is Brahamcharini.
Here "Brahma" means "Tapa". The idol of this Goddess is very gorgeous. There
is rosary in her right hand and Kamandal in left hand. She is full with
3. Chandraghanta - She is the third Shakti of Maa Durga. There is a
half-circular moon in her forehead. She is charmful and bright. She is Golden
color. She has three eyes and ten hands holding with ten types of swords -
etc. weapons and arrows etc. She is seated on Lion and ready for going in war
to fight the evil demons.
4. Kushmanda - The fourth Durga is Kushmanda. The Shakti creates egg,
ie. Universe by mere laughing .She resides in solar systems. She shines
brightly in all the ten directions like Sun. She has eight hands. Seven types
of weapons are shining in her seven hands. Rosary is in her right hand.
5. Skandhamata - The fifth form of Durga is Skanda Mata. The daughter
of Himalaya, after observing penance got married with Shiva. She had a son
named "Skanda." Skanda is a leader of the army of Gods. Skanda Mata is a deity
of fire. Skanda is seated in her lap. She has three eyes and four hands. She
is white and seated on a lotus.
6. Kaatyayani - Katyayani is the sixth form of Maa Durga. The son of
"Kat" as "Katya". Rishi Katyayan born in this "Katya" lineage. Katyayan had
observed penance with a desire to get paramba as his daughter. As a result she
took birth as a daughter of Katyayan. Therefore her name is "Katyayani" . She
has three eyes and eight hands. These are eight types of weapons missiles in
her seven hands. Her vehicle is Lion.
7. Kalaratri - This seventh Durga is black like night. Durga hairs are
unlocked. She has put on necklaces shining like lightening. She has three eyes
which are round like universe. Thousands of flames of fire come out while
respiring from nose. She rides on Shava (dead body). There is sharp sword in
her right hand. Her lower hand is in blessing mood. The burning torch (mashal)
is in her left hand and her lower left hand is in fearless style, by which she
makes her devotees fearless.
8. Mahagauri - The Eighth Durga is "Maha Gauri." She is as white as a
conch, moon and Jasmine. She is of eight years old. Her clothes and ornaments
are white and clean. She has three eyes. She rides on bull She has four hands.
The above left hand is in "Fearless - Mudra" and lower left hand holds "Trishul."
The above right hand has tambourine and lower right hand is in blessing style.
She is calm and peaceful and exists in peaceful style. It is said that when
the body of Gauri became dirty due to dust and earth while observing penance,
Shiva makes it clean with the waters of Gangas. Then her body became bright
9. Siddhiratri - The ninth and the final Durga is Siddhidatri. There
are eight Siddhis , they are- Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya,
Iishitva & Vashitva. Maha Shakti gives all these Siddhies. This form of Durga
is worshiped by all Gods, Rishis-Munis, Siddhas, Yogis, Sadhakas and devotees
for attaining the best religious asset.
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