Tension headache

Tension headache is the most common type of primary headache. Episodes usually begin in middle age and are often associated with the stresses, anxiety, and depression that can develop during these years.

Tension headaches are caused by stress, muscular tension, vascular dilation, postural changes, protracted coughing or sneezing, and fever. Physical and mental conditions that can lead to chronic muscular tension and headache include:

  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis in neck or spine
  • Degenerative bone or disk disease in the neck or spine
  • Depression
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders

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