Types of Arthritis

There are many kind of Arthritis but the most common types are as follows: 

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease is the most common type of arthritis. It primarily affects the joint cartilage. It usually affects the weight-bearing joints, such as the feet.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis is a systemic inflammatory disease affecting the synovium or lining of the joints. It typically affects more than one joint and tends to Arthritisbe symmetrical. Onset is usually after age 45, but often occurs in the 20s and 30s . The cause is unknown, but it is an autoimmune disease.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA): JRA is the most common form of arthritis in childhood. The cause is unknown, but it involves abnormalities of the immune system. JRA can cause altered growth, joint damage, and joint inflammation.

Gout: Gout results from a build-up of uric acid which forms sodium urate crystals that deposit in joints and cause inflammation. Gout commonly affects the first metatarsophalangeal joint of the foot. It usually affects men over age 40. Women with gout usually develop it after menopause.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: This is also known as lupus or SLE. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system harms the body’s own healthy cells and tissues. Nine out of ten people who have lupus are women. Lupus is three times more common in black women than in caucasian women.

Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome predominately characterized by muscular pains and fatigue. The causes of fibromyalgia are unknown; however researchers hypothesize that genetics and, physical and emotional stressors are possible contributory factors to the development of the illness.

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