Dietary Tips for Diabetes patients

Dietary Tips

  • Eat a wide variety of foods. Having a colorful plate is the best way to ensure that you are eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, meats, and other forms of protein such as nuts, dairy products, and grains/cereals.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Choose foods high in fiber such as whole grain breads, fruit, and cereal. They contain important vitamins and minerals. You need 25 to 35 grams of fiber per day. Studies have shown that people with type 2 diabetes who eat a high fiber diet can improve their blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Similar results have been shown in some studies in people with type 1 diabetes.
  • Watch your portions. Eat only the amount of food in your meal plan. Excess calories results in excess amounts of stored energy from food which results in excess fat and excess weight. In people with type 2 diabetes excess body fat means less sensitivity to insulin. The dietitian will help you determine what portion sizes you can eat. This will be determined based on many things such as whether you need to lose weight, maintain weight, have high sugars or suffer from low sugars.
  • In women with gestational diabetes, eat multiple meals and snacks per day as recommended.
  • Do not skip meals.
  • Eat meals and snacks at regular times every day. If you are taking a diabetes medicine, eat your meals and take your medicine at the same times each day.

Note: If you are taking some of the newer diabetes medicines, some of these tips may not apply to you; ask your health care provider the tips you should follow.

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