Causes of Anemia

Causes of Anemia are as follows:

Blood loss: excessive bleeding such as hemorrhages or abnormal menstrual bleeding.

Chronic illness secondary to refractory anemia: inflammatory GI/GU diseases, malignancies (cancer), arthritis, kidney or liver failure, and acute and chronic infections.

Cancer therapy: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy.

Infiltration (replacement) of bone marrow with cancer.

Hemolysis: Breakdown or destruction of red blood cells.

Decreased red cell production due to low levels of erythropoietin which promotes red blood cell production.


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