Thalassemia : Symptoms

Thalassemia symptoms depend on the degree of anemia associated with the underlying thalassemia. Mild thalassemia usually does not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms of anemia may develop in more severe forms of the condition and may include:

  • Weakness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Lightheadedness.
  • Skin that looks paler than normal.
  • Jaundice (skin and whites of eyes appear yellow).
  • Dark urine.
  • Decreased appetite and weight loss (poor growth in a child).
  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Shortness of breath during exercise.   

Sometimes people can develop an enlarged spleen with associated discomfort in the abdomen. Other symptoms of a thalassemia include gallstones, fractures, jaundice, and impaired growth.

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