Types of Scoliosis

Scoliosis may be divided into five principal types:

Idiopathic Scoliosis : This is the most common. The name idiopathic means “the cause is unknown.” Affected children are otherwise healthy and normal. The spine shows no abnormality of the bones themselves on X-rays or by looking at it directly in the operating room. While the overall incidence is equal in girls and boys, progressive or severe idiopathic scoliosis is about six to seven times more frequent in girls than in boys.

Congenital Scoliosis : Congenital means that the child is born with scoliosis, and it is caused by an abnormality of one or more vertebrae. The vertebrae don’t form properly, which can be seen on X-ray and directly in the operating room.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis : This is scoliosis that occurs in children who have a disease of the nervous system, such as cerebral palsy.

Syndromic Scoliosis : This type of scoliosis occurs in children with a syndrome, such as rfan syndrome, or one of the skeletal dysplasias such as achondroplasia.

Postural Scoliosis : Also known as “hysterical scoliosis,” postural scoliosis may be a result of pain, as the child tilts sideways to alleviate the pain. It can be reversed by taking care of the primary problem by relieving the pain or by having the child lie flat. X-rays don’t show any abnormality of the vertebrae.

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