Cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the connective tissue of the skin, caused by infection with staphylococcus, streptococcus or other bacteria. Unlike impetigo, which is a very superficial skin infection, cellulitis refers to an infection involving the skin’s deeper layers; the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. This results in inflammation which may cause swelling, redness, pain, and/or warmth. Skin on the face or lower legs is most commonly affected by this infection, it can also occur on other parts of your body. Cellulitis appears as a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot and tender, and it may spread rapidly.A few of the forms of cellulitis are periorbital cellulitis (an infection of the eye socket), erysipelas, clostridial cellulitis, nonclostridial cellulitis, and synergistic necrotizing cellulitis.
Archive for September, 2007
Below are few tips for prevention of Dandruff.
- Soak two tablespoons of Fenugreek seeds overnight in water and grind it into a fine paste in the morning.Apply this paste all over the scalp and left for half an hour.Wash the hair thoroughly with soap-nut (ritha) solution or shikakai.
- After washing the hair,apply a teaspoon of fresh lime juice.
- Wash the hair twice a week with two tablespoons green gram powder mixed with half a cup of curd.
- Boil the whole beets along with roots in water and should be massage your scalp using this waterevery night. White beet is better for this purpose.
- Rub the juice of snake gourd over the scalp for prevention of dandruff.
- Massage the hair for half an hour with curd kept in open for three days.
- Massage hair with a few drops of lime juice mixed with amla juice every night before going to bed.
- Shampooing hair with Tea tree oil is effective.It is extracted from the leaves of the Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia), has been used for centuries as an antiseptic, antibiotic and antifungal agent.
- Application of dilute cider vinegar with an equal quantity of water on hair while shampooing also helps in preventing dandruff.
Shampoos for prevention of dandruff
- Zinc pyrithione shampoos (Selsun Salon, Head & Shoulders).
- Tar-based shampoos (Neutrogena T/Gel).
- Shampoos containing salicylic acid (Ionil T).
- Selenium sulfide shampoos (Selsun Blue).
- Ketoconazole shampoos (Nizoral).
Dietaries for prevention of Dandruff
Follow a healthy diet plan. The diet should have zinc, B vitamins and essential fatty acid that helps in preventing dandruff.the patient should take all-fruit diet .Citrus fruits, bananas, tinned fruits, meats, sugar, white flour, strong tea or coffee, condiments, pickles, refined and processed food should be avoided.
Control stress as it results in number of diseases. It can even help trigger dandruff or aggravate existing symptoms.Often Shampoo if your scalp is oily as it removes the excess oil and prevent dandruff.Use of styling products such as hair sprays, styling gels, mousses and hair waxes should be reduced.Brush the hair daily to improve circulation.The scalp should also be thoroughly massaged everyday,this stimulates the circulation, and encourage hair growth. Exposure of the head to the rays of the sun is also a useful measure in the treatment of dandruff.
While brushing hair you may observe white, oily looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders and an itchy, scaling scalp. These flakes of dead skin forms scales which sometimes appear as lumps or crusts on the scalp.
If you are suffering from Seborrheic dermatitis then you may observe red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales.It affects not only your scalp but also areas such as eyebrows,nose,ears,breastbone and armpits which are rich in oil glands.
Psoriasis causes an accumulation of dead skin cells that form thick silvery scales.It commonly affects our knees,elbows and trunk,but it can also affect our scalp.
Cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp causes a scaling, crusty scalp.It is most common in newborns and can even occur anytime during infancy.It is not dangerous and usually clears up on its own by the time a baby is a year old.
Dandruff results due to impairment of general health, wrong food intake, constipation,dry skin, oily skin, shampooing too often or not often enough,emotional tension,general exhaustion,the use of too many fancy styling products and a low vitality due to infectious diseases.Although these factors contribute to scalp flaking however, the real cause is fat-eating, yeast-like fungus called malassezia.Its growth on the scalp of most healthy adults is normal however excessive growth of malassezia reduces oils secreted by follicles and leads to increase in cell turnover.It results in formation of large number of dead skin cells thus causing dandruff.
Dandfruff is a very common problem which involves falling of flakes from the scalp every time a person combs his/her hair or rubs the head.
The skin of the scalp has many layers. Cells start growing in the dermis at the bottom, and work their way up until they form a layer of dead cells on the skin surface. These dead cells fall off in small flakes which we don’t even notice. Washing your hair or brushing it gets rid of these tiny flakes.
Dandruff can be very distressing sometimes because they show up on your hair and on your clothes and you might not even notice this but others will surely do.
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