Archive for October, 2007

Treatment Options for Cellulitis

Thursday, October 11th, 2007

Following are the treatment options for Cellulitis : 

SELF CARE

Provide rest to the affected area. Elevate the affected area it will decrease swelling and will provide comfort. One may use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin) to lessen the pain.
 
MEDICAL TREATMENT

One should go for medical check up if the infection is too severe to be treated at home.The doctor will recommend some antibiotics.Usually, doctors prescribe a drug that is effective against both streptococci and staphylococci. An example is cephalexin (Keflex).You have to for recheck with your doctor one to two days after starting an antibiotic, which you will have to take for about 10 days.In case if the infection is uncontrollable, extensive, or in an important area, like the face then hospitalization is recommended. In most of these cases, IV (intervenous) antibiotics need to be given until the infection is under control and then one can go for oral medications.

What are Sypmtoms of Cellulitis ?

Sunday, October 7th, 2007

The symptoms of Cellulitis are observed as redness or inflammation of skin that increases as the infection spreads.The skin becomes tight, glossy and stretched.One may also develop Skin lesion or rash (macule) that results in pain or tenderness of the area.The changes in your skin may be accompanied by a fever. Over time, the area of redness tends to expand at a rapid growth within the first 24 hours. Small red spots may appear on top of the reddened skin, and less commonly, small blisters may form and burst.The other signs of infection are Chills, shaking, Warm skin, sweating, Fatigue ,Muscle aches, pains (myalgias) ,General ill feeling (malaise). A person with cellulitis can also develop swollen lymph nodes in the area of the infection.

Causes of Cellulitis

Monday, October 1st, 2007

Cellulitis is caused by a type of bacteria entering by way of a crack in the skin.This crack may not be visible.The two most common types of bacteria that cause cellulitis are streptococcus and staphylococcus which are part of the normal flora of the skin but cause no actual infection until the skin is broken. Predisposing conditions for cellulitis include insect bite, animal bite, pruritic skin rash, recent surgery, athlete’s foot, dry skin, eczema, burns and boils. Areas of dry, flaky skin also can be an entry point for bacteria, as can swollen skin.This reddened skin or rash may signal a deeper, more serious infection of the inner layers of skin. Once below the skin, the bacteria can spread rapidly, entering the lymph nodes and the bloodstream and spreading throughout the body.Cellulitis is most common on the lower legs and the arms or hands, although other areas of the body may sometimes be involved. If it involves the face (erysipelas), medical attention is urgent. People with fungal infections of the feet, who have skin cracks in the webspaces between the toes, may have cellulitis that keeps coming back.