The treatment for the disease can be summed up under following categories:-
Emollients like aqueous cream and E45 cream acts as moisturisers which soothe, smooth and add water to (hydrate) the skin. They are the most common treatment and should be used regularly.Application after bath is considered the most suitable time as it retains the moistness.
Mild steroid creams, such as hydrocortisone (eg Dermacort or Lanacort) can reduce flare-ups of eczema by suppressing body’s inflammatory response.The cream should be used after consultation with doctors regarding GP.
Stronger steroid creams, such as betamethasone (eg Betnovate) are available on prescription. The cream may have side effects so it is advised to use the mildest cream available.Excessive use of cream may lead to fragileness, blemishes, wrinkles or visible small blood vessels.
Oral steroids, such as prednisolone, are available as tablets to treat severe eczema.They are prescribed for a short period not exceeding a week.
Immunosuppressant tablets, such as azathioprine or ciclosporin, are prescribed for severe eczema. They can have severe side-effects.So consultaion with doctor is recommended.
Topical immunosuppressants like tacrolimus (Protopic) and pimecrolimus (Elidel) are creams or lotions to reduce inflammation. They may be prescribed to you if other treatments have not effective.
Antibiotics such as flucloxacillin or erythromycin, will be prescribed if child skin is infected.
Antihistamine tablets can help people with eczema to sleep, but they are unlikely to ease itching.