Methods of contraception

Methods of contraception:

Two main types

-         Temporary

-         Permanent

  

Temporary:

·       Condoms: The most preferred choice of contraception and are easily available over the counter. Male condoms are much more popular than female condoms. Condoms apart from contraception also protect against HIV/AIDS and STDs.

·       IUCDs: Intrauterine contraceptive devices, popularly known as Copper Ts are of different types with varying life span. The have the advantage that they are not to be changed after every sexual intercourse.

·       OCPs: Oral contraceptive pills are also equally popular. They also provide other benefits like prevention against breast cancer.

·       Others: They include spermicidal gels, patches, douches, rings etc, but they can be cumbersome, expensive and not popular.

·       Natural methods:

-         Coitus interruptus: This is a very common method where the male partner withdraws his penis just when he is about to ejaculate. This method though has a fair amount of failure rate.

-         Calendar method: Normally, ovulation occurs 14 days prior to menstruation. Hence if the female has a regular menstrual cycle, then she can predict the date of ovulation and avoid intercourse 4 days prior and 4 days after the day of ovulation. This method too has a fair amount of failure rate.

  

Permanent:

Males-

Vasectomy: Contrary to the popular notion, the testes are left untouched. The spermatic cord is incised.

  

Females-

Tubal ligation: The fallopian tubes are ligated and cut. This operation can be done anytime expect after normal delivery where it is done after 6 weeks.

  



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