What is Dementia ?

Dementia is a neurological disorder in which the patient looses its ability to think, speak, reason, remember and move. It is a progressive brain dysfunction, leads to a gradually increasing restriction of daily activities. The most well-known type of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia not only affects patients, but also those surrounding them, as most patients require care in the long-term.While Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, many other conditions also can cause similar symptoms.Dementia occurs in people with Alzheimer’s disease because healthy brain tissue degenerates, causing a steady decline in memory and mental abilities.Some of these disorders get worse with time and cannot be cured. Other types respond so well to treatment, their symptoms may even be reversed.After Alzheimer’s disease, the most common forms of dementia are vascular dementia and Lewy body dementia. Frontotemporal dementia is less common.



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