Treatment Optiions for Dementia

Doctors have not found out any cure for the disease.They sometimes prescribe drugs to improve symptoms that often accompany Alzheimer’s disease.The treatment available can be classified as below:-
 
Cholinesterase inhibitors : This group of medications — which includes donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) and galantamine (Reminyl) — works by improving the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.Donepezil also appears to delay the onset of Alzheimer’s for about a year in people who have mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cholinesterase inhibitors work out in some cases. As many as half the people who take these drugs show no improvement. Other people may choose to stop taking the drugs because of the side effects, which include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
 
Memantine (Namenda) : The first drug approved to treat moderate to severe stages of Alzheimer’s, memantine (Namenda), protects brain cells from damage caused by the chemical messenger glutamate. It sometimes is used in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor. Memantine’s most common side effect is dizziness, although it also appears to increase agitation and delusional behavior in some people.



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