Archive for August, 2008

Symptoms of Chlamydia

Tuesday, August 26th, 2008

Sometimes, the chlamydia is asymptomatic and it becomes very difficult to find out how long one remain infectious but if chlamydia symptoms appear, they usually emerge within one to three weeks after infected. When the chlamydia symptoms do appear in women, they may be mild and passing, making them easy to overlook. Moreover, the bacteria primarily infect the cervix and the urethra. The symptoms includes yellowish vaginal discharge; smelly vaginal discharge; painful or frequent urination; a burning sensation during urination. But when the infection passes from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, one experiences lower abdominal and lower back pain, pain during intercourse, nausea, fever, or bleeding between menstrual periods.
 
However, during pregnancy, the infant may also acquire the disease leading the baby to have eye disease or pneumonia.

Causes of Chlamydia

Wednesday, August 20th, 2008

Chlamydia is caused by a microscopic organism known as Chlamydia trachomatis. Symptoms are usually mild to nonexistent. They usually appear one to three weeks after exposure. Men sometimes have a whitish yellow discharge from the penis, redness at the tip of the penis, a frequent urge to urinate or a burning sensation while urinating. Women sometimes experience mild vaginal irritation, mild discomfort that they may mistake for menstrual cramps or vaginal discharge. The disease is spread by vaginal, oral or anal sex with an infected partner. A person infected with chlamydia may also develop conjunctivitis if he touches his eyes with a contaminated hand.

What is Chlamydia ?

Saturday, August 16th, 2008

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a tiny bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility, can occur “silently” before a woman ever recognizes a problem. Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. In 2006, 1,030,911 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia. Under-reporting is substantial because most people with chlamydia are not aware of their infections and do not seek testing. Also, testing is not often done if patients are treated for their symptoms.

Treatment of Babesiosis

Sunday, August 10th, 2008

For those with mild symptoms who do not seek treatment, the infection will often resolve itself given enough time (approximately 6 months). Treatment can last from 10 days to 2 months depending on the severity of the disease.  The most common treatment given is a combination of quinine (650 mg of salt orally, three times daily) and clinamyacin (600 mg orally, three times daily) for 7-10 days. Other drugs have also been used in treatment with varied results. These medicines include: tetracycline, primaquine, sulfadiazine, pyrimethamine, pentamidine and atovaquone. If a patient is critically ill, chemotherapy may also be used as a treatment.

However,Azithromycin with atovaquone is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for the treatment of babesiosis. Although it is more expensive than therapy with quinine and clindamycin, this combination should be considered the first-line choice for treatment of non­life-threatening cases of babesiosis in adults because of its lower incidence of systemic side effects.

Symptoms Of Babesiosis

Tuesday, August 5th, 2008

The parasite attacks the red blood cells. Symptoms, if any, begin with tiredness, loss of appetite, and a general ill feeling. As the infection progresses, these symptoms are followed by fever, drenching sweats, muscle aches, and headache. The symptoms can last from several days to several months.

The general symptoms of babesiosis include fatigue, muscle aches, joint aches, weight loss, and nausea.These symptoms are very nonspecific therefore a physician or patient must have a high degree of suspicion. There is often an incubation period of one to six weeks between the time of the tick bite and the development of symptoms. Other babesiosis symptoms include chills, jaundice, and symptoms of anemia. Sometimes people will develop and enlarged liver or spleen. Babesiosis symptoms will often include fever.

Causes of Babesiosis

Friday, August 1st, 2008

More than 100 species of Babesia exist, but only a small number of species are known to be responsible for the majority of symptomatic disease. The causative agent of babesiosis varies according to geographic region.

Babesia microti live and divide within red blood cells, destroying the cells and causing anemia. The majority of people who are infected have no visible symptoms. In those who become ill, symptoms appear one to six weeks following the tick bite. Because the ticks are small, many patients have no recollection of a tick bite. The symptoms are flu-like and include tiredness, loss of appetite, fever, drenching sweats, and muscle pain. Nausea, vomiting, headache, shaking chills, blood in the urine, and depression can occur.

Persons who are over 40 years old, have had their spleen removed (splenectomized), and/or have a serious disease (cancer, AIDS, etc.) are at a greater risk for severe babesiosis. In severe cases of babesiosis, up to 85% of the blood cells can be infected. This causes a serious, possibly fatal, blood deficiency.