STDs or STIs (sexually transmitted infections) are infections/diseases that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact. Some of the Sexually Transmitted Infections are also transmitted through birth, intravenous needles or breastfeeding.
The World Health Organization (External website that opens in a new window) estimates that more than one million new cases of curable, sexually-transmitted bacterial infections (STIs) occur worldwide everyday.
Adolescents and young adults (15-24) are the age groups at the greatest risk for acquiring a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). STDs can have severe consequences if not treated, especially in women. It is important to go for STD testing whenever you suspect that you have contracted a sexually transmitted disease.
In India, the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases is quite high. Among the sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS is a serious concern. In acknowledgement of the need to strengthen the STD control program, especially in the context of the recently launched AIDS control program, efforts are being made to extend the National STD Control Programme (External website that opens in a new window) at the community level through existing private health care services in the country.