Corns, calluses, and bunions are all common foot problems. It is estimated that eight out of every ten adults suffers from at least one of the three. However, this is little consolation if your corns, calluses, and bunions are causing your feet to look unsightly, or even worse, causing discomfort. Below, you can find the common causes of these foot problems and treatment options that will give your feet the relief they need.
Skin is thick and hardened.
Skin may be flaky and dry.
Hardened, thick skin areas are found on hands, feet, or other areas that may be rubbed or pressed.
Usually, preventing friction is the only treatment needed. If a corn is the result of a poor-fitting shoe, changing to shoes that fit properly will usually eliminate the corn within a couple of weeks. Until then, protect the skin with donut-shaped corn pads, available in pharmacies. If desired, use a pumice stone to gently wear down the corn.
Calluses on the hands can be treated by wearing gloves during activities that cause friction, such as gardening and weight lifting.
If an infection or ulcer occurs in an area of a callus or corn, unhealthy tissue may need to be removed by a health care provider and treatment with antibiotics may be necessary.
Calluses often reflect undue pressure placed on the skin because of an underlying problem such as bunions. Proper treatment of any underlying condition should prevent the calluses from returning.
Do not try to cut away corns and callouses yourself. They can be removed painlessly by your podiatrist with immediate relief. Your podiatrist can also advise you how to best prevent new corns and callouses forming which may include some or all of the following options:
Regular maintenance to keep the corn and callouses reduced
Use of padding to prevent the pressure
Advice about correct fitting of footwear
The use of foot orthotics to relieve the pressure under the foot
Surgical correction of the bony prominence that may be causing the high pressure area
The pulp of raw potato is also useful in the treatment of corn. It should be placed on the corn and secured with a bandage and allowed to remain for two or three hours.
Lemon is another valuable remedy for corns. A fresh slice of lemon should be tied over the painful area at night and allowed to remain there the whole night.
Raw papaya is beneficial in the treatment of corns. Its juice is an irritant and it is, therefore, a useful application in this condition. Half a teaspoon of raw papaya juice may be applied thrice daily.
Liquorices is one of the most valuable remedies for corns that are just appearing. A paste made by grinding three or four liquorices sticks and mixing it with half a teaspoon of sesame oil or mustard oil should be rubbed into the hardened skin at bedtime. The skin gradually softens and the com decreases in size.
The herb Indian squill, botanically known as Urginea indica is useful in removing corns. A bulb may be roasted and applied over the com. It should be secured with a bandage. This application may be made at night and removed in the morning.
The milky juice of green figs is valuable for corns of long duration. It helps to soften them. Half a teaspoon of this juice may be extracted from the fruit and applied two or three times daily.
Chalk powder has also been found beneficial in the treatment of corns. A small piece of chalk may be ground into a paste with water and applied over the affected area.
In most cases the corn will disappear when the pressure is removed. Medicinal corn removing plasters, known as corn caps, are easily available with chemists. They are found to be effective.
Epsom salt bath is highly beneficial in the treatment of corns. About 100 gm’s. of epsom salt should be dissolved in bowl full of water. The feet should be bathed in the water from 5 to 10 minutes twice daily in the morning and night.
The oil extracted from the outer shell of the cashew nut being acrid and rubefacient, is valuable in corns. It should be applied externally over the affected parts in treating this condition.