Archive for August, 2010

Treatment For Appendicitis

Saturday, August 28th, 2010

Appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency of the abdomen. It affects about 10% of the population. The incidence of appendicitis is about 1 in 500 persons every year. Appendicitis means inflammation of the appendix. It is thought that appendicitis begins when the opening from the appendix into the cecum becomes blocked. The blockage may be due to a build-up of thick mucus within the appendix or to stool that enters the appendix from the cecum. The mucus or stool hardens, becomes rock-like, and blocks the opening. This rock is called a fecalith (literally, a rock of stool).

Cause Of Appendicitis

The cause of appendicitis cannot be attributed to any one single factor. Fecal material is thought to be one possible obstructing object. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can be responsible agents of an infection that leads to swelling of the tissues of the appendix wall, including Yersinia species, adenovirus, cytomegalovirus, actinomycosis, Mycobacteria species, Histoplasma species, Schistosoma species, pinworms, and Strongyloides stercoralis. Also, swelling of the tissue from inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease may cause appendicitis. It appears that appendicitis is not hereditary or transmittable from person to person.

Symptoms Of Appendicitis

Pain in the abdomen, first around the belly button and then in the lower right area
Loss of appetite
Nausea
Vomiting
Constipation or diarrhea
Inability to pass gas
Low fever, which begins after other symptoms
Abdominal swelling
Uncomforting feeling in the abdomen
Pain in the center of abdomen
Indigestion
Diarrhea
Feeling that a bowel movement will relieve the discomfort

Treatment

The treatment requires surgical removal of the appendix. The conventional method is the removal of the appendix by an open laparotomy. The current treatment followed is ligation and electrocauterisation. For patients who have signs of peritonitis a peritoneal lavage with saline is done. The use of drains is controversial.

The recent method of surgery adopted is the Laparoscopic appendectomy. This procedure makes use of a laparoscope for the removal of the appendix. The advantages are shorter hospital stay, decrease in the incidence of postoperative infection, shorter convalescent period and greater cosmetic acceptance. The disadvantages are longer operating time (about 20 minutes).

Treatment For Malaria

Monday, August 23rd, 2010

Usually, people get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito. Only Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and they must have been infected through a previous blood meal taken on an infected person. When a mosquito bites an infected person, a small amount of blood is taken in which contains microscopic malaria parasites.

Type of Malaria infection:

Treatment obviously depends on the type of infection. Patients with P. falciparum malaria should be evaluated thoroughly in view of potential seriousness of the disease and possibility of resistance to anti malarial drugs.
P. vivax: Only Chloroquine 25 mg/kg + Primaquine for 14 days.
P. falciparum: Treat depending on severity & sensitivity. Primaquine as gametocytocidal is a must to prevent spread.
Mixed infections: Blood schizonticides as for P. falciparum and Primaquine as for P. vivax

Malaria Symptoms

Symptoms of malaria include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. Symptoms usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.

Home Treatment For malaria

Lime and lemon play a vital role in the treatment of quartan type of malarial fever. About three grams of lime and a juice of 1 lemon should be dissolved in about 60 ml of water. This mixture can be taken before you suspect the attack to take place.
The herb chirayata, botanically known as Swertia chirata, is also beneficial in the treatment of intermittent type of malarial fevers. It helps in lowering the temperature. An infusion of the herb, prepared by immersing 15 gm of chirayata in 250 ml of hot water with aromatics like cloves and cinnamon, should be given in doses of 15 to 30 ml.
Alum is also useful in malaria – First take a small amount of alum and then roast it over a hot plate. Now powder it. Half a teaspoon of this powder 0should be taken about four hours before the expected attack and half a teaspoon every two hours after it. This may help you in giving relief.
The leaves of holy basil are also considered beneficial in the prevention of malaria. The juice of about eleven grams of leaves of holy basil mixed with three grams of powder of black pepper can be taken beneficially in the cold stage of the malarial fever. This will check the severity of the disease.

Remedies For Glaucoma

Wednesday, August 18th, 2010

Glaucoma is a group of conditions, in which high pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) damages the optic nerve of the eye. Glaucoma usually affects both the eyes. It commonly occurs in adults above 40 years of age, but can even occur in newborn babies. The vision lost due to glaucoma is irreversible and can not be regained. Hence it is very important to detect this disease as early as possible and treat early to preserve vision.

Causes Of Glaucoma

Our optic nerve, which is located in back of the eye transmits the images we see back to the brain for interpretation. The eye is firm and round, like a basketball. Its tone and shape are maintained by a pressure within the eye (the intraocular pressure), which normally ranges between 8 and 22 mm (millimeters) of mercury. When the pressure is too low, the eye becomes softer, while a too high pressure causes the eye to become harder. The front of the eye is filled with a clear fluid called the aqueous humor, which provides nourishment to the structures in the front of the eye. This fluid is produced constantly by the ciliary body, which surrounds the lens of the eye.
The aqueous humor then flows through the pupil and leaves the eye through tiny channels called the trabecular meshwork. These channels are located at what is called the filtering, or drainage angle of the eye. This angle is where the clear cornea, which covers the front of the eye, attaches to the base (root or periphery) of the iris, which is the colored part of the eye. The cornea covers the iris and the pupil, which are in front of the lens. The pupil is the small, round, black-appearing opening in the center of the iris. Light passes through the pupil, on through the lens, and to the retina at the back of the eye

Symptoms

This form of glaucoma generally does not cause any symptoms in the initial stages. The high pressure causes damage to the optic nerve and leads to loss of peripheral visual field initially. Unless a routine checkup is done, these changes go unnoticed and progressively lead to further loss of visual field and the loss of central vision as well in the later stages. Since this loss of vision is irreversible, glaucoma is also called the ‘silent killer’. Some patients may experience these

Symptom

Loss of peripheral vision: this is often not noticed until considerable damage has occurred:-
Blurred or foggy vision Frequent change of glasses for near work
Heaviness or dull pain in the eyes Pain and redness of the eye
Halos or rainbow colored rings perceived around lights

What are the symptoms of glaucoma in children (congenital)?
The symptoms are redness, watering, photophobia (inability to tolerate light), enlargement of the eyes, and corneal clouding. Glaucoma in children needs to be managed very early and aggressively, in order to save their vision.

Treatment For Glaucoma

By controlling the eye pressure (IOP) at the optimum level Glaucoma can be treated. The level of IOP required (target pressure) depends upon the extent of damage and other factors and is decided by the treating doctor. Medical treatment is generally the first line of management. It includes eye drops and tablets to control the pressure by either increasing the drainage or decreasing the production of the fluid in the eye. These medicines are generally to be used lifelong, and it is very important to use the medicines regularly at prescribed timings and not to stop the medicines without consulting the doctor.

Laser treatment is recommended in certain selected cases to create an alternative pathway for the drainage of the fluid. Even after laser, a few patients may still need to use medications to keep the pressure under control. Surgery is recommended in cases where the medicines alone are not effective or cause significant side effects. The surgery increases the drainage of the fluid. Cryopexy or Cycloablation are used in uncontrolled cases, and involve partial or total destruction of the tissues that produce the fluid in the eye.

STDs: Test Early, Test Often

Thursday, August 12th, 2010

While HindustanLink has blogged about STDs before, the most important measure to combat a sexually transmitted disease is knowledge and prevention. There are, of course, visible signs that you may have contracted an STD, but unfortunately, sometimes there are no obvious symptoms at all. That’s why it’s absolutely critical to make sure that everyone, no matter who you are, gets tested if you happen to be sexually active. This includes those who are both monogamous or even those who use protection on a consistent basis. The only way to know for sure is to get tested, and the only way to stop the spread of such diseases is to be aware.

Many people put off STD testing out of fear or embarrassment. However, those who may be a little nervous about going to their doctor should know that STD testing, just as with other medical diagnostic testing and procedures, is carried out with strict privacy. Don’t ever let your own personal reservations about STD testing stop you from going to your doctor.

The Mayo Clinic website offers some wonderful advice on what to expect when it comes to STD testing. To summarize, it is advised that all women at the very least get a pap test every year after 21 years of age, or three years after their first instance of sexual intercourse. Pap tests can detect the possibility of an HPV infection, which is a common STD that can lead to cervical cancer. Women should also ensure that they are screened routinely for chlamydia, a very commonly occurring and troublesome STD.

For men, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) doesn’t suggest that they get tested if they carry absolutely no symptoms. However, if you are man who is having or has had sexual intercourse with another man, the importance of testing is stronger.

For both men and women, they should immediately get tested if they notice sores or blisters in genital areas, as well as if they notice unusual discharges from the penis or vagina. HIV testing is especially important for both men and women who live in high-risk areas. Ask your doctor for a routine HIV test if you have had multiple partners or you have had intercourse with a new partner since your last test.

In the final analysis, the only surefire way to prevent STDs is to abstain from sex altogether, or to have sex with only one partner who has been tested. While AIDS tends to get more publicity, other STDs can become just as deadly if left untreated.

By-line:
This guest post is contributed by Tisha Dotson, who writes on the topics of medical coding certification. She welcomes your comments at her email Id: tishadotson86@gmail . com.

Home Treatment For Sciatica

Monday, August 9th, 2010

Sciatica is pain resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. The pain of sciatica is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb.

Sciatica Symptoms

The most common symptom from sciatica is pain. Most people describe a deep, severe pain that starts low on one side of the back and then shoots down the buttock and the leg with certain movements.

The pain is usually worse with both prolonged sitting and standing. Some people describe the worst pain when trying to stand from a low sitting position, such as standing up after sitting on a toilet seat.

In most people, the pain is made worse by sneezing, coughing, laughing, or a hard bowel movement. Bending backward can also make the pain worse.

You may also notice a weakness in your leg or foot, along with the pain. The weakness may become so bad you can’t move your foot.

Home remedies for sciatica relief
Juices like the juice of potatoes and celery leaves. These juices in combination are said to provide sciatica relief when drunk in a minimum quantity of 10 ounces daily. The addition of carrots and beetroots to this mixture is said to fortify the strength and taste. If you can’t drink the juice drinking celery tea throughout the day is also beneficial.

Elderberry juice and/or elderberry tea is a known muscle relaxant and stimulant and is said to treat sciatica symptoms.

Consuming raw garlic or taking garlic supplements with along with additional supplements of vitamin B1 and B-complex gives relief from aches and pains, aids circulation, is an anti-oxidant and also provides the body with warmth and energy.

The common natural sources of B1 or Thiamine are Green peas, Spinach, Liver, Beef, and Pork, Navy beans, Nuts, Pinto beans, Bananas, Soybeans, Whole-grain Cereals, Breads, unpolished rice and Legumes. Thus maintaining a healthy balanced diet containing these and salads containing watercress and parsley apart from green leafy vegetables and fresh red vegetables is very important for good health.

Some claim that garlic milk also can be an excellent sciatica home treatment. Just mince two cloves of garlic in about ½ a cup of milk and drink this concoction twice daily and the results can be seen in just a week’s time.

Germans have been eating raw sauerkraut since ages to relieve muscular pain.

However, care must be taken to avoid garlic if you are taking any other medication like anticoagulants, if you have any bleeding disorders or ulcers and take the advice of your doctor before taking garlic supplements.

Another magical home remedy to treat sciatica is fresh minced horseradish poultice, which when applied to the painful areas and kept for at least an hour at a time stimulates the sciatica nerve and give tremendous relief from sciatica pain.

Water is one of the best natural treatment options for sciatica pain relief. Water can help to bring down pain by improving circulation. Taking long hot bath or a shower and following it up with a short cold shower is said to boost the body’s circulation and reduce pain. Taking hot and cold compresses too is equally beneficial.

Treatments for sciatica must include a good diet, exercise and the patient must aim at improving overall health. Also to avoid such problems in the long run, sleeping on a firm mattress, sitting and standing in a good posture, avoiding lifting heavy loads should be a part of everyday care that must be taken. It is these small things that cause sciatica over a period of time.

Home Treatment And Diet For Jaundice

Tuesday, August 3rd, 2010

Treatment

The juice of bitter luffa is consider effective for jaundice. It is obtained by squeezing the bitter luffa through cloth. The juice should be placed on the palm of the hand and drawn up through the nostrils. This will cause a profuse outflow of a yellow-coloured fluid through the nostrils. This is, however, a strong medicine and may cause side-effects like giddiness, migraine.

If the juice of green bitter luffa is not available, it can be substituted by two to three drops of the fluid obtained by soaking its dry crusts overnight in water. This will produce an identical effect. Seeds of bitter lnffa which are easily available can also be used for the same purpose after rubbing in water.

The juice of green leaves of radish should he taken daily by an adult patient. It induces a healthy appetite and proper evacuation of bowels, and this results in gradual decrease of the trouble. In most cases, complete cure can be ensured within eight or ten days.

Tomatoes are valuable in jaundice. A glass of fresh tomato juice, mixed with a pinch of salt and pepper, taken early in the morning, is considered an effective remedy for this disease.

Lemon is also beneficial in the treatment of jaundice. The patient should be given 20 ml of lemon juice mixed with water several times a day. This will protect the damaged liver cells.
Jaundice treatment using Barley Water

Barley water drunk several times during the day is another good remedy for this disease. One cup of barley should be boiled in three litres of water and simmered for three hours.
Jaundice treatment using Jaundice Berry

The herb jaundice berry, botanically known as Berberis vultaris is very useful in jaundice.The pulverized bark should be given several times a day in doses of one-fourth of a teaspoon in the treatment of this disease, or the fluid extract should be given 2-4 ml doses.

Diet for Jaundice:
After the juice fast, the patient may adopt an all-fruit diet for further three to five days. In this regimen, he should have three meals a day of fresh juicy fruits such as apples, pears, grapes, oranges and pineapples, but no bananas. Thereafter a simple diet may be resumed on the following lines:

Upon arising: A glass of warm water with juice of half a lemon.

Breakfast: One fresh juicy fruit such as apple, pear, mango, papaya, or some grapes, or berries. One cup wheat broken wheat or one slice of whole meal bread with a little butter.

Mid-morning: Orange or pear juice.