How To Avoid Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is also called by the name of caries. You may find no symptoms of caries in the initial stages. A small scrap of demineralised enamel appears on the surface of the tooth at first. Only a dentist can figure out such a patch on the tooth surface. Teeth become sensitive to cold or hot in the advanced stages of tooth decay. Dentists use an instrument called explorer to spot this. When the cavity reaches the pulp stage, pain and swelling may appear.

Symptoms

The most obvious sign of tooth decay is toothache, particularly after hot or cold foods or drinks. However, pain may not be present until decay has reached an advanced stage.
Pits or holes may also be visible in the teeth.
Most tooth decay is discovered at an early stage during a routine check up.
A serious complication can be the development of a tooth abscess – the build up of pus resulting from a bacterial infection of the centre of the tooth.
Infection may spread out from the root of the tooth and to the bones supporting the tooth.
Plaque and tartar also irritate the gums, and lead to a gum disease called gingivitis.

Prevention Of Tooth Decay

Times of Brushing:
Brush at least twice a day morning and evening. Contrary to popular perception brushing should be done after major meals. So you can skip brushing in the morning and can really do it after the lunch and dinner.
Change Toothbrush:
Changing of toothbrushes is very important because due to prolonged usages the bristles become quite ineffective and plaque may grow in them. Change or replace toothbrush after every 2-3 months.
Technique Of Brushing:
While brushing remember to clean the back side of the teeth and the gums as plaque may form there. Use toothpaste with fluoride content.
Mouth wash:
Use dental floss and fluoride rinse for fresher breath.
Tongue cleaning:
Many of us do not know and do not do it while brushing. Food particles may get deposited in the tongue and in time they are acted upon by bacteria and if they are cleaned properly during brushing with the help of tongue cleaner or the brush then they may be the cause of the bad breath.
Herbal Mouth Fresheners:
Cloves, cardamom, tea tree oil they are all good for the teeth. Clove oil is used for treatment of gum problems and pain. After meals you can put a single clove or a cardamom in the mouth for fresh breath.
Foods to be avoided:
To keep the breath fresh you must avoid spices like garlic, onion, and sugary foods. They are also the cause of tooth decay. Have more calcium, and phosphorous that helps to maintain healthy teeth.



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