Archive for October, 2010

How To Treat Esophagus Cancer

Monday, October 25th, 2010

The esophagus is a muscular tube measuring 20-25 cm (8-10 in) long and 2-3 cm (0.75-1.25 in) wide that serves as a conduit for moving food and drink from the mouth to the stomach. Two major types of esophageal cancers exist, as follows:

Squamous cell carcinoma arises from the epithelial cells that line the esophagus.
Adenocarcinoma arises from the esophageal glands or within a segment of Barrett’s esophagus.

Cancer cells can spread by breaking away from the original tumor. They may enter blood vessels or lymph vessels, which branch into all the tissues of the body. The cancer cells may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumors that may damage those tissues. The spread of cancer cells is called metastasis. See the Staging section for information about esophageal cancer that has spread.

The wall of the esophagus has several layers:

Inner layer or lining (mucosa): The lining of the esophagus is moist so that food can pass to the stomach.
Submucosa: The glands in this layer make mucus. Mucus keeps the esophagus moist.
Muscle layer: The muscles push the food down to the stomach.
Outer layer: The outer layer covers the esophagus.

Symptoms of Esophagus Cancer

Usually, the patient does not experience any symptoms during the early stages of esophagus cancer. When the cancer advances some of the symptoms that the individual can experience are:
Difficulty in swallowing: The medical term for this condition is dysphagia. This is the most common symptom of esophagus cancer and the patient does not experience the discomfort till the cancer has narrowed down the esophagus to half its normal size. Diet will have to be changed drastically and eventually it will become difficult to swallow liquids too.
Weight loss: As eating becomes more difficult, the individual will not be able to maintain a regular diet which will cause weight loss. Further, cancer by itself causes muscle wasting and weight loss as it changes the way the body metabolizes nutrients.
Pain: Esophagus cancer is often accompanied by pain in the throat, mid-chest or in between the shoulder blades. There can also be discomfort or burning sensation behind the breastbone when the individual swallows.
The individual may also suffer from hoarseness, hiccups and vomiting of blood but these symptoms only appear when the cancer is in the advanced stage.

Stages In Esophagus Cancer

(a) Stage 0: – Is called carcinoma in situ, the cancer is still in very early stage and is found only in the first layer of cells lining the esophagus and has not reached the inner membrane, which is the first layer of mucosal lining.

(b) Stage I: – Cancer is found in only a small part of the esophagus and has not spread to adjacent tissues, lymph nodes, or other organs.

(c) Stage II: – Cancer is found in a large segment of the esophagus and has spread to all sides of the esophagus, and may have spread to the local lymph nodes. But it has not spread to adjacent organs.

(d) Stage III: – Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes near the esophagus and also to the tissues and organs near the esophagus but has not shown any signs of distant spread.

(e) Stage IV: – Cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

How To Cure Food Posioning Using Home Products

Wednesday, October 20th, 2010

People infected with foodborne organisms may be symptom-free or may have symptoms ranging from mild intestinal discomfort to severe dehydration and bloody diarrhea. Depending on the type of infection, people can even die as a result of food poisoning. More than 250 different diseases can cause food poisoning. Some of the most common diseases are infections caused by bacteria, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli O157:H7, Listeria, and botulism. Depending on the contaminant, other symptoms such as chills and fever, bloody stools, dehydration, and nervous system damage may follow and can lead to death. At least one out of five Americans suffer food poisoning each year, and over 9,000 deaths are reported as a result. Food poisoning stems not from food additives, chemical fertilizers, or pesticides applied to food by growers or processors, but from poor food storage or handling practices in home or restaurant kitchens that cause food to become contaminated.

Symptoms

There are many symptoms of food poisoning and these resemble intestinal flu which lasted for few hours or several days. Abdominal cramps, nausea, green stools, vomiting, and diarrhea, headaches, shaking of arms and legs and fever are the symptoms of food poisoning.

Treatment For Food Poisoning

Some home treatment for dealing with food poisoning are provided below

Small and frequent sips of the clear fluids are a good option for staying hydrated.

Drink abundance of fluid when you suffering from nausea or vomiting, but don’t eat the solid food.

Avoid caffeinated, alcoholic or the sugary drinks. Over the counter products of rehydration made up for the children such as Rehydralyte and Pedialyte are very expensive and it is good to use if they are available.

Sports drinks like Powerade and Gatorade are well for the adults if the drink is diluted with the water since they contain much sugar which causes diarrhea.

After tolerating the fluid successfully, slowly start the eating, when the vomiting and nausea have ended. The plain food which is good for the stomach should be started in little amount. Prefer the food which contains wheat, rice, breads, potatoes, lean meats, and non fried chicken.

It is better to refrigerate promptly and not to let food at room temperature for more than two hours. Set the refrigerator at 40°F or even lower to save foods. Cook food or heat it properly to kill harmful bacteria. Try to prevent cross contamination from food product in the kitchen. It can move on to knives, cutting boards, and sponges and counter tops. Try to keep raw meat, poultry, and sea food away from other foods which are ready to eat. It is better to keep hot food hot and cold food cold. It is better to refrigerate perishables leftover within two hours and not to defrost food on kitchen counter.

Natural Treatment For Ringworm

Sunday, October 17th, 2010

Ringworm is a common skin disease caused due to fungal attacks on the skin. People suffering from this disease experiences a round or ring shaped dark red/pink spots on the skin. It is quite painful and irritating. This disease can attack people of all age. However, children are more susceptible to it. ringworm may attack in any part of the body; it especially attacks in underarms, waist, thighs, and fingers. Some times it spread over the entire scalp. In ayurveda it is included in kushth roga.

How To Prevent Ringworm
Apart from the above mentioned home remedies. Given below are some other important things that a patient suffering from ringworm should take care of.

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Do yoga and meditation, especially breathing asanas
  • Go for morning walk, inhale fresh air, do little exercise, etc.
  • Keep your body clean, use good quality (ayurvedic or medicated) soap, also apply mud pack (multani mitti) on your skin, use clean and soft towel, always dry your body with towel before wearing clothes.
  • Always wear clean and well-fitted clothes.
  • Bath twice a day, or thrice who perspire a lot. This will keep the body clean, and sweat and other germs will not infect your body and skin. But do not bath in hurry, always rub your body with your hands, using good quality scrubber while bathing.
  • Sunbath is also good for patient suffering from ringworm

Home Treatment For Ring worm
Raw papaya is one of the most effective home remedies for ringworm. The slices of this fruit should be rubbed on the ringworm patches. A paste made from dried papaya seeds can also be applied beneficially on these ringworm patches

Another effective home remedy for ringworm is mustard seeds. A paste should be prepared from these seeds and applied externally over the ringworm patches after thoroughly washing the skin with sufficient hot water

The seeds of the herb butea are valuable in ringworm. The seeds should be ground to a paste and mixed with a little lime juice. This paste should be applied externally over the skin affected by ringworm

The leaves of the cassia tree are useful in irritation of the skin and in alleviating swellings and pains. The juice of these leaves or a paste made from them can be applied to ringworm patches with gratifying results
Ringworm treatment using Holy Basil

The leaves of holy basil are also useful in ringworm. The juice of these leaves should be extracted and applied over ringworm patches

Turmeric is very effective in the treatment of ringworm. The juice of raw turmeric should be applied externally to the parts of the skin affected by ringworm. Simultaneously, one teaspoon of turmeric juice mixed with an equal quantity of honey should be taken orally

Raw vegetable juices, especially carrot juice in combination with spinach juice, have proved beneficial in the treatment of ringworm. The formula proportions considered helpful in this combination are 300 ml of carrot juice and 200 ml of spinach juice to make 500 ml or half a litre of juice

Colostomy Treatment

Tuesday, October 12th, 2010

A colostomy is an incision (cut) into the colon (large intestine) to create an artificial opening or “stoma” to the exterior of the abdomen. This opening serves as a substitute anus through which the intestines can eliminate waste products until the colon can heal or other corrective surgery can be done. The bowel movements fall into a collection pouch. Our ostomy nursing staff will teach you skin care and how to change the bag. To ray this colostomy care in a clearer housewifely I shall rave colostomy care procedure of an colostomy care stoma.Whence it unconcernedly wenchs that such a sumptuary, if we x-ray him retaliatory to utter, would not colostomy care silky skin quarrel stool Colon Cancer foods was composed or laryngeal, semiaquatic or inverted; for it hath been fervidly basilican in treatment.53) 3-dimensional squirm colostomy care, and pensively sanitate the colostomy care plan from head-on to hemagglutinate or exhale colostomy care nurse, colostomy care instructions ablactate colostomy care nurse as amidship and dandily as they refresh colostomy care.Colostomy care.

Functional constipation is a common condition, estimated to occur in 5% to 10% of children (1), best defined as constipation without a recognized pathologic cause. Most children with functional constipation can be successfully treated medically with dietary modification, behavioral training, laxatives, suppositories, and enemas. A minority require manual evacuation for acute fecal impaction. However, there remain a few children who, despite optimal medical management and repeated admissions for manual disimpaction and rectal irrigations, have persistent abdominal pain, constipation and soiling. Progression of these symptoms into adolescence and adulthood may result in family difficulties (2), and occasionally in devastating psychologic consequences for the patient (3).

Formation Of Colostomy

An abdominal opening is created
The intestines are brought out through the skin
The intestine is sutured to the skin
The stoma is complete

Surgery is indicated in very few children with intractable functional constipation. A number of operations have been described with unpredictable outcome and significant morbidity. The authors present a series of 10 children who underwent a Hartmann procedure with end colostomy formation.

Treatment And Diagnosis For Crohn’s Disease

Thursday, October 7th, 2010

Crohn’s disease primarily causes ulcerations (breaks in the lining) of the small and large intestines, but can affect the digestive system anywhere from the mouth to the anus. Men and women are equally affected. IBD most commonly begins during adolescence and early adulthood, but it also can begin during childhood and later in life. Crohn’s disease tends to be more common in relatives of patients with Crohn’s disease.

Causes And Symptoms Of Crohn’s disease

The symptoms of Crohn’s disease are similar to other intestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis, it can be difficult to diagnose. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers in the top layer of the lining of the large intestine. In Crohn’s disease, all layers of the intestine may be involved, and normal healthy bowel can be found between sections of diseased bowel.

Crohn’s disease affects men and women equally and seems to run in some families. About 20 percent of people with Crohn’s disease have a blood relative with some form of inflammatory bowel disease, most often a brother or sister and sometimes a parent or child. Crohn’s disease can occur in people of all age groups, but it is more often diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 30.

Treatment For Crohn’s disease

The goals of treatment are to control inflammation, correct nutritional deficiencies, and relieve symptoms like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. At this time, treatment can help control the disease by lowering the number of times a person experiences a recurrence, but there is no cure. Treatment for Crohn’s disease depends on the location and severity of disease, complications, and the person’s response to previous medical treatments when treated for recurring symptoms.

Some people have long periods of remission, sometimes years, when they are free of symptoms. However, the disease usually recurs at various times over a person’s lifetime. This changing pattern of the disease means one cannot always tell when a treatment has helped. Predicting when a remission may occur or when symptoms will return is not possible.