Gallstones Treatment

Gallstones (often misspelled gall stones, or gall stone) are stones that form in the gall (bile). They have small sizes, usually size of a pea, but at times they can reach the size of a pebble too. These gallstones are usually found in the gall bladder or the bile duct connecting the gall bladder to the small intestine.Women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones; the higher prevalence of gallstones in women is thought to be caused by multiple pregnancies, obesity, and rapid weight loss. High level of cholesterol in the bile results in the formation of cholesterol gallstones.
Other than this, factors like the frequency and efficiency of the gallbladder contraction along with infrequent and incomplete emptying of gall bladder may contribute in the formation of gallstones, as these factors if found results in the over-concentration of the bile.

Symptoms like a biliary colic attack, in which there is intense pain in the upper abdominal region, is experienced during gallstone problem. The person suffering from this may feel pain in back, between shoulder blades or under the right shoulder. Nausea and vomiting are also seen in such a condition.Other symptoms of gallstones include:
Abdominal bloating.
Recurring intolerance of fatty foods.
Colic.
Belching.
Gas.
Indigestion.

Cholecystectomy involves removal of the gallbladder surgically. It is the standard treatment for gallstones in the gallbladder. Surgery may be done through a large abdominal incision or laparoscopically through small punctures of the abdominal wall.

There are measures the patient can take to relieve the symptoms to include:

intake of only clear liquids to give the gallbladder a rest,

avoid fatty or greasy meals, and

take acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.) for pain.



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