Archive for March, 2011

How Syphilis Occur And Its Symptoms

Tuesday, March 15th, 2011

This sexually transmitted disease (STD), which in its late stages can cause mental disorders, blindness, and death, is caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacterium called Treponema pallidum. The infection is acquired by direct contact with the sores of someone who has an active infection. Although the bacterium is usually transmitted through the mucous membranes of the genital area, the mouth, or the anus, it also can pass through broken skin on other parts of the body.

A pregnant woman with syphilis can transmit the disease to her unborn child, who may be born with serious mental and physical problems. The syphilis bacterium is very fragile, however, and the infection is rarely, if ever, spread by contact with objects such as toilet seats or towels.

Symptoms

Syphilis is an infection that can stay in the body for years if not recognized and treated promptly. There are three stages of syphilis, and each stage of syphilis has distinct symptoms.

The first stage (primary syphilis) is characterized by the development of a painless lesion called a chancre. The chancre usually develops in the genital area.

Primary syphilis symptoms
Chancre – a painless open genital sore usually on penis or vagina; rarely hands, mouth or anus; sometimes inside vagina or on cervix.
Penis ulcer
Vaginal ulcer
Internal vaginal ulcer

Therapy And Cure for Nacrolepsy

Tuesday, March 15th, 2011

Therapies for narcolepsy involve the practice of getting sufficient sleep each night, proper sleep hygiene practices, and drug therapy.

Proper sleep hygiene, including a consistent sleep schedule and the avoidance of shift work and alcohol, is especially important for people who have narcolepsy. Methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine are known to cause hypertension.

Headache, usually related to dose size, is a common side effect of modafinil. This side effect occurs in up to 5% of patients. Pemoline poses a very low but noticeable risk for liver complication.

The FDA has approved two drugs specifically for the treatment of narcolepsy. They are now the first-line treatments:

Modafinil (Provigil): For excessive, uncontrollable, daytime sleepiness
Sodium oxybate (Xyrem): For cataplexy

Treatment, Symptoms Of Graves’ Disease

Tuesday, March 8th, 2011
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by a metabolic imbalance resulting from overproduction of thyroid hormones (thyrotoxicosis). Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSIs) bind to and activate thyrotropin receptors, causing the thyroid gland to grow and the thyroid follicles to increase synthesis of thyroid hormone.
Symptoms

The symptoms for Graves’ disease has been listed below:-
Physical Signs
Change in temperature preference
Weight loss with increased appetite
Prominence of eyes, puffiness of lids
Pain or irritation of eyes
Blurred or double vision, decreasing acuity, decreased motility
Goiter
Dyspnea
Palpitations or pounding of the heart
Ankle edema (without cardiac disease)
Less frequently, orthopnea, paroxysmal tachycardia, anginal pain, and CHF
Treatment
Antithyroid drug therapy offers the opportunity to avoid induced damage to the thyroid (and parathyroids or recurrent nerves), as well as radiation exposure and operation. Although the disorder is rooted in a malfunctioning immune system, the goal of treatment is to restore thyroid hormone levels to their correct balance and to relieve discomfort. At the beginning of the treatment, you will be given a capsule or liquid containing the radioactive iodine. Either way you take it, you should not feel any effects as the substance enters your system.