Chicken Pox(disease which is spread All Over India

Chickenpox is a highly contagious illness that is common in children, particularly those under age 12. It is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV-3), one of the eight herpes viruses known to affect humans. The infections is characterized by a fever and itchy, red spots usually appearing on the chest and stomach first, then appearing in crops over the entire body.

The red spots turn into small blisters that dry up and form scabs over about a week. Symptoms usually go away without treatment, but because the infection is very contagious, an infected child should stay home and rest until the symptoms are gone.

Symptoms of chickenpox

  • A rash that usually begins on the body and face and later often spreads to the scalp and limbs.
  • It may also spread to the mucous membranes especially in the mouth and on the genitals.
  • The rash is often itchy.
  • It begins as small red spots which develop into blisters in a couple of hours.
  • After one or two days, the blisters turn into scabs.
  • New blisters may appear after three to six days.
  • The number of blisters differs greatly from one person to another.
  • The infected person may run a temperature.
  • These symptoms are mild in young children.
  • Chickenpox lasts 7 to 10 days in children and longer in adults.
  • Adults can feel very ill and take longer to recover. They are also more likely than children to suffer complications.

When to seek Medical Advice

Although most cases of chickenpox heal without complications, sometimes medical attention is required. Call the doctor if any of the following conditions develop:

  • Fever higher than 103?F
  • A rash involving an eye
  • Continued dehydration, vomiting, or decreased fluid intake
  • Uncertainty of diagnosis or what medication to give
  • Blisters leak a thick, yellow or green fluid.
  • Areas around a blister are red, increasingly painful, or swollen, or have red streaking extending from the site.

Treatments
Most cases of chickenpox can be managed at home. Chickenpox rash tends to be extremely itchy. Several treatments can be used at home to help a child feel better.

  • You can give cool-water baths every 3-4 hours, adding baking soda to the water to calm itching.
  • Trimming fingernails can help prevent infection from scratching the blisters. If you have a small infant with chickenpox, cover the child’s hands with mittens to minimize scratching.
  • Never give aspirin to a child because aspirin has been associated with Reye syndrome.
  • Occasionally a child will develop blisters in the mouth, making eating or drinking painful. A person must continue to drink fluids to prevent dehydration. To alleviate pain, provide cold fluids (ice pops are one suggestion) and soft bland foods.
  • Avoid any foods that are spicy, hot, or acidic (for instance, orange juice).
  • Keep children at home from school and daycare until all blisters have crusted. A child with chickenpox is extremely contagious until the last crop of blisters has crusted.


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