Know about Diabeties

Lack of physical labour, severe pressure of mental work and stress, faulty lifestyle and wrong dietary pattern are some of the factors that lead to Diabetes. In diabetes, the amount of insulin produced by pancreas is reduced quantitatively, which results in the increase of sugar in blood, and excess sugar eliminate outside through urine. Diabetes is considered as a life long disorder by modern medical science however, can be controlled and managed by changes in lifestyle and diet regulation, and Alternative System of Homeopathy Medicine.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

The main symptoms of Diabetes are:

• Sticky and concentrated urine
• Frequent urination due to excess glucose present in the body
• frequent hunger: to cope with high sugar, body produce insulin that lead to hunger
• Unquenchable Thirst
• Dryness and infection in the skin
• Weakness of eyesight: High Blood Pressure causes absorption of glucose that leads to change in eye lenses.
• Feeling of tiredness and weakness: Due to high Blood Pressure and irregular supply of sugar to brain and other organs of the body.
• Delay healing of wounds: High blood sugar hinder the proper functioning of White Blood Corpuscles (WBC).
• Itching in the body, especially in the genital organs.
• Weight fluctuation: fat and protein metabolism may lead to weight fluctuation.
• Burning of Palms and soles
• Sweet taste to mouth
• Drowsiness and Low sexual urge
• Anemia,Constipation

Causes of Diabetes

• Hereditary & Genetics: Due to some genes transfer from parents to young ones.
• Age: > 80% cases happen after 50 years and risk considerable rise after 65 years.
• Nutritional Deficiency: Improper nutrition, low protein and fiber intake, high intake of refined products causes diabetes.
• Obesity and Fat Distribution
• Overeating
• Sedentary Lifestyle: more prone to diabetes.
• Stress, Tension and worries: blamed as the preliminary factor of the disease.
• Drugs like steroids, Dilantin, alloxan, streptozocin, and thiazide diuretics are known to induce diabetes.
• Excessive Use of Alcohol
• Insulin Deficiency and resistance
• Syndromes like Down’s and Turner’s may cause permanent diabetes.
• Infection cause by Virus: i.e. Strephylococci affects the pancreas.
• Sex: commonly with older aged male, and female with multiple pregnancies.
• Hypertension: close relationship with hypertension/High Blood Pressure and diabetes.
• Increased cholesterol level
• Diet rich in carbohydrate and fat
• Excess intake of oil and sugar
• High blood pressure
• Removal of the pancreas by surgery

Tests and Diagnosis of Diabetes

• Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test: To test pre-Diabetes and Diabetes where the patient asked not to eat anything for 8 hours. Most reliable when done in the morning.
• Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) test blood glucose level after 8 hours of fast + after 2 hours of drinking glucose to diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes.
• Random Plasma Glucose Test: When blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL or higher, means diabetes.
• Finger Stick Blood Glucose: Rapid screening test that may be performed anywhere.
• Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test: To measure high blood sugar levels that last for 120 days.
• Physical Examination
• Urine Sugar Test
• Urine Ketones Test
• C-peptide Blood Test

Complications of Diabetes

• Cardiovascular Disease: Increased blood sugar narrow down blood vessels and cause heart attack or stroke.
• Kidney Problems: High blood sugar put the kidney to work more and leads its disorders.
• Bladder Control Problems for Women
• Erectile Dysfunction
• Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose)
• Sexual and Urologic Problems
• Stomach Nerve Damage (Gastroparesis)
• Eye diseases: diabetes narrow down retinal vein and causes Cataracts, Retinopathy and Glaucoma.
• Bone and Joint disorders
• Skin problems, digestive problems, and problems with teeth and gums.
• Infections: Increased sugar level frail the immune system and become the factors for various infections.
• Nerve Damage(Neuropathy)
• Dental Problems
• Skin and Foot Disease
• Diabetic Coma

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