Archive for January, 2015

Know about Diabeties

Sunday, January 4th, 2015

Lack of physical labour, severe pressure of mental work and stress, faulty lifestyle and wrong dietary pattern are some of the factors that lead to Diabetes. In diabetes, the amount of insulin produced by pancreas is reduced quantitatively, which results in the increase of sugar in blood, and excess sugar eliminate outside through urine. Diabetes is considered as a life long disorder by modern medical science however, can be controlled and managed by changes in lifestyle and diet regulation, and Alternative System of Homeopathy Medicine.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

The main symptoms of Diabetes are:

• Sticky and concentrated urine
• Frequent urination due to excess glucose present in the body
• frequent hunger: to cope with high sugar, body produce insulin that lead to hunger
• Unquenchable Thirst
• Dryness and infection in the skin
• Weakness of eyesight: High Blood Pressure causes absorption of glucose that leads to change in eye lenses.
• Feeling of tiredness and weakness: Due to high Blood Pressure and irregular supply of sugar to brain and other organs of the body.
• Delay healing of wounds: High blood sugar hinder the proper functioning of White Blood Corpuscles (WBC).
• Itching in the body, especially in the genital organs.
• Weight fluctuation: fat and protein metabolism may lead to weight fluctuation.
• Burning of Palms and soles
• Sweet taste to mouth
• Drowsiness and Low sexual urge
• Anemia,Constipation

Causes of Diabetes

• Hereditary & Genetics: Due to some genes transfer from parents to young ones.
• Age: > 80% cases happen after 50 years and risk considerable rise after 65 years.
• Nutritional Deficiency: Improper nutrition, low protein and fiber intake, high intake of refined products causes diabetes.
• Obesity and Fat Distribution
• Overeating
• Sedentary Lifestyle: more prone to diabetes.
• Stress, Tension and worries: blamed as the preliminary factor of the disease.
• Drugs like steroids, Dilantin, alloxan, streptozocin, and thiazide diuretics are known to induce diabetes.
• Excessive Use of Alcohol
• Insulin Deficiency and resistance
• Syndromes like Down’s and Turner’s may cause permanent diabetes.
• Infection cause by Virus: i.e. Strephylococci affects the pancreas.
• Sex: commonly with older aged male, and female with multiple pregnancies.
• Hypertension: close relationship with hypertension/High Blood Pressure and diabetes.
• Increased cholesterol level
• Diet rich in carbohydrate and fat
• Excess intake of oil and sugar
• High blood pressure
• Removal of the pancreas by surgery

Tests and Diagnosis of Diabetes

• Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test: To test pre-Diabetes and Diabetes where the patient asked not to eat anything for 8 hours. Most reliable when done in the morning.
• Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) test blood glucose level after 8 hours of fast + after 2 hours of drinking glucose to diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes.
• Random Plasma Glucose Test: When blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL or higher, means diabetes.
• Finger Stick Blood Glucose: Rapid screening test that may be performed anywhere.
• Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test: To measure high blood sugar levels that last for 120 days.
• Physical Examination
• Urine Sugar Test
• Urine Ketones Test
• C-peptide Blood Test

Complications of Diabetes

• Cardiovascular Disease: Increased blood sugar narrow down blood vessels and cause heart attack or stroke.
• Kidney Problems: High blood sugar put the kidney to work more and leads its disorders.
• Bladder Control Problems for Women
• Erectile Dysfunction
• Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose)
• Sexual and Urologic Problems
• Stomach Nerve Damage (Gastroparesis)
• Eye diseases: diabetes narrow down retinal vein and causes Cataracts, Retinopathy and Glaucoma.
• Bone and Joint disorders
• Skin problems, digestive problems, and problems with teeth and gums.
• Infections: Increased sugar level frail the immune system and become the factors for various infections.
• Nerve Damage(Neuropathy)
• Dental Problems
• Skin and Foot Disease
• Diabetic Coma

Mosquito Bite Allergy

Friday, January 2nd, 2015

Mosquito bite allergy symptoms include itching, hives, and swelling. 

Nearly everyone is sensitive to mosquito bites but, for those with a severe allergy, symptoms can be more than just annoying—they can be downright serious. Most bites occur at either dusk or dawn, when mosquitoes are most active. While male mosquitoes are harmless—feeding only on nectar and water—the females of the species are out for blood.

A female mosquito locks onto her victim using a combination of scent, exhaled carbon dioxide, and chemicals in the person’s sweat. When she finds a suitable meal, she lands on an area of exposed skin and inserts her proboscis to draw the victim’s blood. The common symptoms—a telltale red bump and itching—aren’t caused by the bite itself, but by a reaction of the body’s immune system to proteins in the mosquito’s saliva.

Who Is at Increased Risk for Mosquito Bites?

Researchers are unclear as to the reasons, but mosquitoes tend to prefer certain victims over others, including men, people who are overweight or obese, and those with type O blood. Also, because mosquitoes are attracted to heat, wearing dark colors (which absorb heat) may make a person more likely to be bitten.

Symptoms

The more times a person has been bitten by mosquitoes, the more likely they’ll become sensitized over time. That means adults typically have less serious reactions to mosquito bites than children do. Common symptoms of mosquito bites include soft bumps on the skin that may become pink, red, and itchy. Symptoms may occur up to 48 hours after the initial bite. Symptoms of a more severe allergic reaction may include:

  • large area of itching
  • lesions
  • lymphangitis (inflammation of the lymph system)
  • hives, which may appear at the site of both new and old bites
  • anaphylaxis: although rare, anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening condition that results in swelling in the throat and wheezing and requires immediate medical attention

Allergic reactions aren’t the only concern regarding mosquito bites. Mosquitoes can also transmit serious diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (all rare in Western countries). Mosquitoes may also transmit the West Nile virus (found in North America). Signs that it may be something other than an allergic reaction include:

  • fever
  • severe headache
  • body aches
  • nausea or vomiting
  • rash
  • fatigue
  • light sensitivity
  • confusion
  • neurological changes (such as muscle weakness on one side of the body)
  • meningitis

A person exhibiting the above symptoms or other complications such as infection at the site of a bite after being bitten by a mosquito should contact their doctor immediately.

Prevention

As with other allergies, prevention is the best medicine. Mosquitoes require standing or stagnant water to breed. If possible, avoid standing water especially at dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active. Other ways to prevent mosquito bites include:

  • wearing protective, light-colored clothing such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and a wide-brimmed hat
  • eliminating standing water around the home (unclog rain gutters, empty children’s pools, clean birdbaths, and empty unused containers such as flower pots)
  • applying insect repellents such as DEET (follow directions carefully) or use citronella-scented candles in outdoor areas or campsites
  • repairing holes in window or door screens

There is limited evidence that taking vitamin B-1 (thiamin) during the summer also may provide some protection against mosquito bites as well. Thiamin is thought to work by slightly changing a person’s scent. Studies are ongoing.

Treatment

Mosquitoes haven’t survived for millions of years by being anything less than determined. Even the best preventative measures probably won’t avert all bites. In the case of a normal reaction, a hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion will provide relief from itching. A cold pack or ice cubes may help to relieve symptoms as well. For more serious allergic reactions, the following treatments may be used:

  • Take oral antihistamines (such as Benadryl or Claritin).
  • Use topical anti-itch lotion or athlete’s foot spray.
  • For hives, take a cool bath without soap or place ice cubes on itchy areas for 10 minutes.
  • A person in danger of anaphylaxis should carry an epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen) in case of an emergency.