Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Who Is at Risk for Iron-Deficiency Anemia?

Anemia is a common condition and can occur in both men and women, in all ages and ethnic groups. The risk for iron-deficiency anemia is higher in the following groups:

1. women of child-bearing age
2. pregnant women
3. people with poor diets
4. frequent blood donors
5. infants and children, especially those born prematurely or experiencing a growth spurt
6. vegetarians who do not replace meat with another iron-rich food

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia can be very mild at first, and may go completely unnoticed. In fact, most people do not realize they have mild anemia until it is identified in a routine blood test .

Symptoms of moderate to severe iron-deficiency anemia include:

  • general fatigue
  • weakness
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath
  • dizziness
  • strange cravings for non-food items, such as dirt, ice, and clay
  • tingling or a crawling feeling in the legs
  • swelling or soreness in the tongue
  • cold hands and feet
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • brittle nails
  • headaches

 



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