Archive for the ‘Anosmia’ Category

Treatment on Anosmia

Friday, May 23rd, 2008

The sense of smell should return after a condition like a cold or the flu ends. Decongestants such as Sudafed help reduce congestion related to colds, allergies, and sinus conditions.Saline sprays can be used to clean the interior of the nose.If smoking causes anosmia, a person should quit smoking.The sense of smell may return after treatment of allergic or bacterial rhinitis and sinusitis. An over-the-counter antihistamine such as Actifed may provide relief.If allergies cause anosmia, adjustments should be made to avoid allergens. If dust causes allergies, care should be taken to clean areas such as the bedroom.Antibiotics may be prescribed for infections.
Other medications prescribed for smelling disorders include steroids such as Prednisone. It should only be used for a short time since longterm use could lessen resistance to infection.
 
Surgical Treatment
 
Removal of nasal polyps and benign tumors may cause the sense of smell to return. Polyp removal is an uncomplicated surgery. Generally, only a local anesthetic is needed.

Causes of Anosmia

Monday, May 19th, 2008

Anosmia is the loss of ability to smell. It can be either temporary or permanent depending on the cause. Temporary anosmia is common with colds, sinus infections (sinusitis) and nasal allergies. Other potential causes of anosmia include:

  • Enlarged adenoids
  • Nasal polyps
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • A side effect of medication
  • Trauma to the face and nasal structures
  • Tumors, such as neuroblastomas, meningiomas, frontal globe gliomas and pituitary gland tumors.

Symptoms of Anosmia

Wednesday, May 14th, 2008

The disease usually begins in late childhood with increasing night blindness due to degeneration of the retina (retinitis pigmentosa) and loss of the sense of smell (anosmia). If the disease progresses, other symptoms may include deafness, problems with balance and coordination (ataxia), weakness or numbness (peripheral neuropathy), dry and scaly skin (ichthyosis), and heartbeat abnormalities (cardiac arrhythmias). With the loss of sense of smell there can also be a loss of taste. Distortion of function-foods or odors that normally are pleasant may taste or smell odd or distorted, perhaps with an unpleasant smell. Some individuals will have shortened bones in their fingers or toes, or a visibly shortened fourth toe.  Although the disease usually appears in early childhood, some people will not develop symptoms until their 40s or 50s.

What is Anosmia ?

Monday, May 5th, 2008

Anosmia is the loss and disturbance of the sense of smell and is intended as a resource for sufferers from olfactory disorders.Distortions to olfactory sensation can therefore cause great disturbance to our lives. There is a loss of quality of life and it can bring anxiety and loss of appetite. It can lead to depression.Other Olfactory disorders can be summed up as below:-

ANOSMIA:a complete loss of smell
HYPOSMIA:partial loss of smell
HYPEROSMIA:enhanced smell sensitivity
DYSOSMIA:distortion in odour perception (includes parosmia & phantosmia)
PAROSMIA:distortion of perception of external stimulus
PHANTOSMIA:smell perception with no external stimulus