Archive for the ‘Dandruff’ Category

Get Rid of dandruff

Monday, November 18th, 2013

Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. As skin cells die a small amount of flaking is normal. Some people, however, experience an unusually large amount of flaking either chronically or as a result of certain triggers which can also be accompanied by redness and irritation. Dandruff is a common scalp disorder affecting almost half of the population at the post-pubertal age and of any gender and ethnicity. It often causes itching. It has been well established that keratinocytes play a key role in the expression and generation of immunological reactions during dandruff formation. The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with season as it often worsens in winter. Most cases of dandruff can be easily treated with specialized shampoos.
washing your hair every day with a dandruff shampoo until the flakes subside, and then continuing to wash your hair with the anti-dandruff shampoo 2-3 per week.Excessive shampooing, especially with harsher chemicals, such as lauryl sulfate, can irritate the scalp and dry it out, causing more dandruff. To help prevent dandruff, brush your hair after you shower and shampoo. Avoid stress and stressful situations. Stress can cause dandruff, so try to exercise your stress away or deal with your stress in other healthy, effective ways.
An infusion of thyme, nettle or sage with 2 tablespoons of vinegar can be used as a final rinse. To make an infusion, fresh or dried herbs can be used in loose or tea-bag form.Warm a teapot and put in 1 dessert spoon of herb for each cup required. Pour in a cup of boiling water for each cup of tea; allow to steep for 10-15 minutes, then wash out the yogurt into a dish and add the remainders for a healthier scalp.Replace your shampoo with a handful of baking soda. Baking soda is used in a wide variety of ways, and is reputed to work as a natural dandruff remover.Wait for the baking soda to work its magic. After two weeks of your baking soda shampoo, your scalp should begin producing natural oils, leaving the skin on your head moisturized and dandruff-free.Clean your brush regularly in vinegar.If you keep getting flakes, you might have scalp psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis. See a dermatologist for tips.
Wash hair with tea tree oil shampoo and dry immediately afterwards. Never leave your hair to towel dry either.Do not scratch your head. Scratching makes the problem worse.Don’t pick at the scalp, it irritates it and makes it sore, causing the dandruff to increase. Massage your scalp with tea tree oil after having a shower to give your hair some extra oils.Don’t itch your scalp. It will only make it spread to other parts of your hair.Put a little bit of baby powder onto the scalp (where the flaky bits are) and use a small toothed comb to comb the dandruff out.

Best Home Remedies To Remove Dandruff

Tuesday, October 15th, 2013

Since most people wash their hair with warm water during the winter season, this often causes the scalp to become dryn and flaky. Here are a few home remedies you could try to get rid of dry as well as sticky dandruff:

You are sitting at your desk at your office, your neighbour is a very good friend of yours and you cannot imagine a day without talking your heart out with him or her. One fine day, you turn to talk and you see him or her discreetly lifting a hand onto his or her head and scratch the hell out of his or her hair.

Some Of The Home Remedies To Remove Dandruff are :

* Soak two tablespoons of fenugreek (methi) seeds in water overnight. Grind into a fine paste in the morning, apply on the scalp and leave for half an hour. Wash off, preferably with a soap-nut (ritha) solution. Use the water in which the seeds were soaked as an after-shower hair tonic. Follow this regimen twice a week for the first two weeks and once a week for another two weeks.

* People who have a yeast allergy or are very sensitive to yeast tend to have a higher risk of developing dandruff. By yeast, I do not mean the yeast that is used for baking breads. This yeast is a type of fungi or spore that flies through the air all around us.

* Give your dandruff shampoo time to work. If you choose to wash your hair with dandruff shampoo, leave the shampoo in for at least 5 minutes before you wash it off. This will give the shampoo time to work.

Home Remedies for Dandruff

Sunday, May 19th, 2013

Its best to treat dandruff using natural remedies than artificial chemical based products. Here are some ways to do so:

It is important to comb your hair daily as this promotes blood circulation inside the scalp. Also, regularly massage your scalp with herbal oil.

Use hot olive or sesame oil on the scalp before bedtime. Next morning, rub little lime juice on your scalp one hour prior to bathing. Wash and rinse your hair well.

Prepare a mixture of equal amounts of vinegar and water. Apply this on your scalp and leave it on overnight. Wash your hair the next morning with a mild baby shampoo.

Soak a handful of fenugreek or methi seeds in some water overnight. Next day, grind the seeds to a paste. Apply this on your scalp and leave to rest for a couple of hours. Rinse your hair with shikakai or ritha.

Massaging the scalp with fresh apple juice is said to fade dandruff away.

A solution of beetroot juice, vinegar and some ginger juice, when applied on the scalp helps to get rid of dandruff.

Washing your hair with powder of green grams is another remedy.

Home Remedies For Hair Fall And Hair Care

Wednesday, December 21st, 2011

Tips To Fight With Dandruff

* Massage the Scalp with pure coconut oil. This will help for growth of hair.

* Apply coconut oil which has been boiled with small onions. Wash it off with a mixture of green gram powder and water drained from cooked (boiled) rice.

* Apply a mixture of almond oil and gooseberry juice with finger tips on the scalp.

* Apply the warm mixture of olive oil, lemon juice and coconut oil. Do a steam -towel- wrap for 15 minutes and wash the hair with a shampoo.

* Apply a paste of fenugreek and curd to the scalp.

* Mix Shikakai powder with the water drained from the cooked rice and wash the hair with it.

* Heat the oil with a little camphor. Apply the oil in the scalp and massage for 10 minutes. After 30 minutes wash the hair with a herbal shampoo. Do the
steam -towel- wrap for 15 minutes.

* Crush the leaves of five petal hibiscus flower and take the juice. Wash the hair with this juice.

Tips For Healthy hair

* It is better to apply castor oil for a healthy growth of hair.

* Soak a handful of gooseberry in a cup of milk for two hours. Make it as a paste and apply in the hair.

* Apply the mixture of an egg white, 2 spoon of castor oil, 1 spoon glycerin, in the scalp and hair. Wash it after some time.

* Massage hair with warm coconut oil an hour before washing. Let it soak. Cover your head with a hot towel and wash your hair after an hour or so.

* Boil a few hibiscus flowers in coconut oil. Filter and use this hair oil to control hair loss and thinning.

* Do a ‘steam-towel-wrap’ once in a while, if your cuticles are damaged, as this steaming opens out the pores and absorbs the oil.

* Deep condition with curd, beer and egg.

* Mix a little vinegar in warm water and rinse your hair with this solution. This will add bounce to dull and lifeless hair.

* Boil coconut oil with the juices of curry leaves, basil, hibiscus flower and gooseberry. Apply on hair, keep it for sometime and rinse.

* Egg white and curd is a good conditioner for hair.

*Take a cup of coconut and mustard oils. Soak half a cup of curry leaves in the oil mixture and keep it for a night. Next morning, heat on a slow fire till the curry leaves turn crisp. Remove from heat and add two to three camphor balls. Allow oil to cool and then strain. Apply oil to hair roots using cotton wool along the parting and massage in circular movements. Leave the oil overnight and shampoo the next morning. Repeat twice a week.

* Add a lemon peel to a ‘shikakai’ and ‘amla’ mixture while washing your hair.


Thursday, February 7th, 2008


There is a dinner tonight and you wearing your favorite black suit. As you are adjusting your tie in the mirror you suddenly notice white colored flakes on your shoulders. Congratulations, you just have been diagnosed with DANDRUFF.

The cell cycle is approximately of 30 days, after that the skin cell is shed off from the body. This is a very controlled process. However when this process goes out of control, the cells are shed at a faster rate forming those very troublesome flakes, which is known as DANDRUFF (cell cycle of 2-7 days), a form of dermatitis in which the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp flake and fall off at faster than normal rate. Although a small amount of flaking and shedding of the skin cells is normal and common, approx. 1/3 of the population show prolonged history of dandruff.
Dandruff has been shown to be the result of the following three factors

  1. The metabolic by-products of the fungus, Malassezia .
  2. Excessive secretion of Sebum.
  3. Individual susceptibility.

The root cause is a fungus called Malassezia furfur (pityrosporum ovale), which a normal inhabitant of the scalp but when there is an overgrowth of this fungus, it leads to dandruff. Further research now says about a new pathogen, though from the same family, called Malassezia globosa.

Figure 1 Skin scrap of Malassezia furfur.
The triglycerides present in the sebum are metabolized by this fungus resulting in the formation of Oleic acid, a lipid by-product. Oleic acid, on the other hand, acts on Stratum corneum, the outermost layer of skin, disturbing its homeostasis, leading to its shedding.

Precipitating Factors for Dandruff
Though Malassezia is the main cause, dandruff has been link to a lot of factors though there is no conclusive evidence for any of the following causing dandruff

  • Stress
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Cold weather (winter)
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Vitamin B deficiency
  • Yeast infection
  • Hair curlers and blow dryers
  • Use of hair sprays, gels and hair coloring chemicals,
  • Excessive consumption of oily and sweet foodstuffs.


Shampoos: The most popular is Nizoral, which contains an ingredient called Ketoconazole (discovered by Dr. Paul Janssen in Belgium). Ketoconazole is an antifungal, which inhibits the growth of Malassezia.

Other options are

-Head & Shoulders: Selenium sulphide
-Pantene Pro-V: zinc pyrithione.
These ingredients slow the growth and formation of the top skin layer (epidermis) on the scalp.
-Neutrogena: Coal Tar
Coal Tar reduces the growth of skin cells on top of the scalp. Use this as the last resort
One problem with dandruff is that they can build up resistance, short term, against a shampoo, hence it is advisable to use a couple of them

Home remedies:

- Onions: Onions are high in sulfur. Cut a fresh onion in half and rub it on the scalp. Wash your hair once a week with sulfur based soap.

- Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple Cider Vinegar can decrease dandruff by balancing the skin’s PH. Use 1/4 cup of vinegar to 1/4 cup of water. Apply to the hair and massage it into the scalp, leave it in for 5 to 10 minutes then rinse. Do not try this method if your scalp is irritated

- Aloe Vera: About 10-15 minutes before you wash your hair, rub a lot of aloe vera gel into your scalp. Leave it on for 10 minutes, and then shampoo.

Treatment Options for Dandruff

Tuesday, September 18th, 2007

Below are few tips for prevention of Dandruff.

Home Remedies

  1. Soak two tablespoons of Fenugreek seeds overnight in water and grind it into a fine paste in the morning.Apply this paste all over the scalp and left for half an hour.Wash the hair thoroughly with soap-nut (ritha) solution or shikakai.
  2. After washing the hair,apply a teaspoon of fresh lime juice.
  3. Wash the hair twice a week with two tablespoons green gram powder mixed with half a cup of curd.
  4. Boil the whole beets along with roots in water and  should be massage your scalp using this waterevery night. White beet is better for this purpose.
  5. Rub the juice of snake gourd over the scalp for prevention of dandruff.
  6. Massage the hair for half an hour with curd kept in open for three days.
  7. Massage hair with a few drops of lime juice mixed with amla juice every night before going to bed.
  8. Shampooing hair with Tea tree oil is effective.It is extracted from the leaves of the Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia), has been used for centuries as an antiseptic, antibiotic and antifungal agent.
  9. Application of dilute cider vinegar with an equal quantity of water on hair while shampooing also helps in preventing dandruff.

Shampoos for prevention of dandruff 

  • Zinc pyrithione shampoos (Selsun Salon, Head & Shoulders).
  • Tar-based shampoos (Neutrogena T/Gel).
  • Shampoos containing salicylic acid (Ionil T).
  • Selenium sulfide shampoos (Selsun Blue).
  • Ketoconazole shampoos (Nizoral).

Dietaries for prevention of Dandruff

Follow a healthy diet plan. The diet  should have zinc, B vitamins and essential fatty acid that helps in preventing dandruff.the patient should take all-fruit diet .Citrus fruits, bananas, tinned fruits, meats, sugar, white flour, strong tea or coffee, condiments, pickles, refined and processed food should be avoided.
Self Care

Control stress as it results in number of diseases. It can even help trigger dandruff or aggravate existing symptoms.Often Shampoo if your scalp is oily as it removes the excess oil and prevent dandruff.Use of styling products such as hair sprays, styling gels, mousses and hair waxes should be reduced.Brush the hair daily to improve circulation.The scalp should also be thoroughly massaged everyday,this stimulates the circulation, and encourage hair growth. Exposure of the head to the rays of the sun is also a useful measure in the treatment of dandruff.

Symptoms of Dandruff

Friday, September 14th, 2007

While brushing hair you may observe white, oily looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders and an itchy, scaling scalp. These flakes of dead skin forms scales which sometimes appear as lumps or crusts on the scalp.
If you are suffering from Seborrheic dermatitis then you may observe red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales.It affects not only your scalp but also areas such as eyebrows,nose,ears,breastbone and armpits which are rich in oil glands.

Psoriasis causes an accumulation of dead skin cells that form thick silvery scales.It commonly affects our knees,elbows and trunk,but it can also affect our scalp.
Cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp causes a scaling, crusty scalp.It is most common in newborns and can even occur anytime during infancy.It is not dangerous and usually clears up on its own by the time a baby is a year old.

Causes of Dandruff

Monday, September 10th, 2007

Dandruff results due to impairment of general health, wrong food intake, constipation,dry skin, oily skin, shampooing too often or not often enough,emotional tension,general exhaustion,the use of too many fancy styling products and a low vitality due to infectious diseases.Although these factors contribute to scalp flaking however, the real cause is fat-eating, yeast-like fungus called malassezia.Its growth on the scalp of most healthy adults is normal however excessive growth of malassezia reduces oils secreted by follicles and leads to increase in cell turnover.It results in formation of large number of dead skin cells thus causing dandruff.

Dandruff : Overview

Sunday, September 2nd, 2007

Dandfruff is a very common problem which involves falling of flakes from the scalp every time a person combs his/her hair or rubs the head.dandruff1.jpg

The skin of the scalp has many layers. Cells start growing in the dermis at the bottom, and work their way up until they form a layer of dead cells on the skin surface. These dead cells fall off in small flakes which we don’t even notice. Washing your hair or brushing it gets rid of these tiny flakes.  

Dandruff can be very distressing sometimes because they show up on your hair and on your clothes and you might not even notice this but others will surely do.

Image Source :