Hepatitis is a serious disease that affects the liver and can cause long-term damage. Hepatitis B is the most common but there are several other types and associated virus.
Hepatitis A – Caused by the hepatitis A virus, Hepatius A is often spreads because of poor personal hygiene habits. You can also get hepatitis A by eating foods or drinking beverages contaminated with the virus.
Hepatitis B – The Hepatitis B virus may be found in blood and can be spread through contact with infected blood or blood products. You can get hepatitis B by injecting drugs with a dirty needle used by someone who is infected with hepatitis B virus. You can get hepatitis B by sharing razors or toothbrushes with an infected person. Hepatitis B is also spread through blood-bearing body fluids of an infected person, such as semen and vaginal secretions. It can be spread by having sex with someone who has the disease.
Hepatitis C – The Hepatitis C virus is spread through contact with contaminated blood or by having sex with an infected person. Less commonly, hepatitis C is passed on through household contact. People who receive blood transfusions or dialysis treatments or who inject illegal drugs are most likely to get this disease.
Hepatitis D – The Hepatitis D virus needs the Hepatitis B virus to infect the liver. People who are immune to hepatitis B virus are safe from hepatitis D. When hepatitis D becomes active, it can be extremely dangerous. In regions where the disease is less common, hepatitis D is spread by contact with infected blood and blood products.
Hepatitis E – Hepatitis E is usually spread through impure drinking water. Outbreaks of hepatitis E have caused high death rates in pregnant women.