Archive for the ‘Cholera and its common remedies’ Category

Cholera – An Infectious Disease

Saturday, January 31st, 2015

 

Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae.

The disease is most common in places with poor sanitation, crowding, war, and famine. Common locations include parts of Africa, south Asia, and Latin America. If you are traveling to one of those areas, knowing the following cholera facts can help protect you and your family.

Cholera Causes

Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by feces from a person with the infection. Common sources include:

  • Municipal water supplies
  • Ice made from municipal water
  • Foods and drinks sold by street vendors
  • Vegetables grown with water containing human wastes
  • Raw or undercooked fish and seafood caught in waters polluted with sewage

When a person consumes the contaminated food or water, the bacteria release a toxin in the intestines that produces severe diarrhea.

It is not likely you will catch cholera just from casual contact with an infected person.

Cholera Symptoms

Symptoms of cholera can begin as soon as a few hours or as long as five days after infection. Often, symptoms are mild. But sometimes they are very serious. About one in 20 people infected have severe watery diarrhea accompanied by vomiting, which can quickly lead to dehydration. Although many infected people may have minimal or no symptoms, they can still contribute to spread of the infection.

Signs and symptoms of dehydration include:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • Loss of skin elasticity (the ability to return to original position quickly if pinched)
  • Dry mucous membranes, including the inside of the mouth, throat, nose, and eyelids
  • Low blood pressure
  • Thirst
  • Muscle cramps

If not treated, dehydration can lead to shock and death in a matter of hours.

Cholera Treatment and Prevention

Although there is a vaccine against cholera, the CDC and World Health Organization don’t normally recommend it, because it may not protect up to half of the people who receive it and it lasts only a few months. However, you can protect yourself and your family by using only water that has been boiled, water that has been chemically disinfected, or bottled water. Be sure to use the bottled, boiled, or chemically disinfected water for the following purposes:

  • Drinking
  • Preparing food or drinks
  • Making ice
  • Brushing your teeth
  • Washing your face and hands
  • Washing dishes and utensils that you use to eat or prepare food
  • Washing fruits and vegetables

To disinfect your own water, boil it for one minute (or 3 minutes at higher elevations) or filter it and use a commercial chemical disinfectant. You should also avoid raw foods, including the following:

  • Unpeeled fruits and vegetables
  • Unpasteurized milk and milk products
  • Raw or undercooked meat or shellfish
  • Fish caught in tropical reefs, which may be contaminated

If you develop severe, watery diarrhea and vomiting — particularly after eating raw shellfish or traveling to a country where cholera is epidemic -seek medical help immediately. Cholera is highly treatable, but because dehydration can happen quickly, it’s important to get cholera treatment right away.

Hydration is the mainstay of treatment for cholera. Depending on how severe the diarrhea is, treatment will consist of oral or intravenous solutions to replace lost fluids. Antibiotics, which kill the bacteria, are not part of emergency treatment for mild cases.  But they can reduce the duration of diarrhea by half and also reduce the excretion of the bacteria, thus helping to prevent the spread of the disease.

Common home remedies for cholera

Monday, December 9th, 2013

A person will develop this disease symptoms that range from mild to severe. This is one of the life threatening diseases that require early remedies before it goes too late. There are several symptoms of cholera. Like – watery diarrhea with a fishy smell, stomach ache, excessive thirst, dry mucous membranes and so forth. This disease is caused by a comma shaped bacteria, named vibrio Cholerae. This disease can be cause by food and or drink. This disease generally entails antibiotics through medical practitioner.
There are also some home remedies available to prevent cholera. If this disease arises one can take lemon, which is very popular in reducing the levels of cholera bacilli in the intestines and digestive system. Lemon drink or juice can help to prevent it.
Onions is one of the great thing by which one can get relief from this disease. Onions and black pepper treat cholera to treat restlessness and thirst.
Do mix cucumber and coconut water juice to relieve from excessive dehydration and thirst.
You can prevent cholera by doing some simple things at home, many of the developing and developed countries prevented cholera by doing some simple things. You need to remember that cholera is one of the disease which comes directly from hygiene in generally. If you wash your hands frequently, drinks only clean water and or filtered water, eat clean and fresh vegetable, fruits and food, clean your water tanks, kitchen, and boiling pots and necessary things. Then it is sure almost you can prevent this disease. Though disease can be affected anytime, if this happens then our friendly advice to consult a medical practitioner first.