Archive for the ‘Swine Flu’ Category

Designated Swine Flu Medical Centers in India

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

Below is the first list of designated medical centers for swine flu testing and treatment in India. The government has now allowed private hospitals to treat patients. The list will be updated as soon as the names of private hospitals become available.

Delhi

Yellow Fever Quarantine Centre, Near AAI Residential Colony, New Delhi

[APHO- 25652129, Dr S.K Singh:09868252314]

Influenza Ward, Ward no 5, Second Floor, New Building, RML Hospital, Delhi-1

[RML- 24525211,23404328,23365525- Ext 4328]


Mumbai (Maharastra)

Kasturba Hospital, Sane Guruji Marg, Mumbai-11,Maharastara {Isolation and critical care}

[Dr. Umesh Aigal – 09820935680,022-23083901, 02,03,04]


Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

Communicable Disease Hospital, 87, T.H. Road, Tondiarpet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu {Isolation Facility}

[Dr. Lakshmi- 044-25912688. M- 09841250567]


Kolkata (West Bengal)

Beliaghata  Infectious  Diseases Hospital, 57, Beliaghata, Main Road, Kolkata {Isolation and Critical Care}

[Dr. Vishwanath 09433392182, Dr. Vishwas -09434009077]


Bangalore (Karnataka)

Dr. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Chest Diseases and SDS TB Hospital Hosur Road, Near NIMHANS, Bangalore-29, Karnataka {Isolation and critical care}

[Dr. S. Buggi – 09448042579, Dr. Nagraj- 09448057093]


Pune (Maharastra)

Dr. Naidu Infectious Disease Hospital, Pune, Maharastra   {Isolation and critical care}

[Dr. Barathe – 09923130909]


Nagpur (Maharastra)

Govt  Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur,Maharastara-444003 {Isolation and critical care}

Swine Flu Ward: 0712-2750730 [GMC- MS -0712- 2750427, 2749311, Dr. Khade- 09422139720]


Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)

Govt. General and Chest Diseases Hospital, Erragadda , Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

040-23814939 [Dr. Prasad – 9849902995]


Ahmedabad (Gujarat)

Civil Hospital attached to Medical College, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat-380016

[Dr. Ancheliah – 09426347531]


Goa

Cottage Hospital, Chikalem, Goa  (Isolation Ward)

[0832-2540864]

Goa Medical College & Hospital, Panjim, Goa (Critical Care)

[Dr. Suhas- 09011025066]


Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir)

Govt Medical College, Sri  Maharaja  Hari   Singh Hospital, Karan Nagar, Srinagar-190010, J&K

[SMHS - Dr. Wasim Qureshi – 09419000231] (both isolation and critical care)

Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences,  Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir

[Prof. Dr Bhukhari    09419000318]


Thiruvanathanapuram (Kerala)

General Hospital, Thiruvanathanapuram, Kerala-695025 { Isolation and Critical care}

[Dr. Suresh -  09447030291]

District Hospital, Manjeri;  District-Malappuram, Kerala

[Dr. Ramani – 09447157128, Krishna – 9388014526]    {Isolation}

Taluk Head Quarter Hospital, Perumbavoor, Ernakulum District, Kerala-683542 {Isolation}

[Dr. Rosy Sebastian – 09846948926, Dr. Sudha Karan – 9446505990]


Mangalore (Karnataka)

District  Wenlock Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka {Isolation and critical care}

[Dr. Prabhudev- 09480015944, Dr. Jagannath – 09448166113, Fax – 08242445664]


Amritsar (Punjab)

Jallian Wala Bagh Memorial Civil Hospital, Ram Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab

[Dr. Kakkar – 09815576862]


Jaipur (Rajasthan)

Infectious District Hospital, Near  Charak Bhawan, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan

[Dr.P. D.Vyas - 0141-2564434, 518392 , 2605148, Dr. Sen - 9887806450, Dr. Girdhari - 9414772483, Dr. Somundra – 9829620508]


Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu)

Annal Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Puthur, Trichy-17, Tamil Nadu {Isolation and Critical care

[Dr. Veerapande – 09443913446]

Dist. Headquarter Hospital, Mannapari {Isolation Facility}

[Dr. Veerapande – 09443913446]


Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)

Coimbatore   Medical College Hospital, Trichy Road, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu  {Isolation and Critical care}

[Dr. Kumaran – 09442012555]


Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)

Balrampur  District   Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh-226001 {Isolation and Critical care}

[Dr. P. N. Srivastva – 9415181629]


Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)

Shree Shiv Prasad Gupta District Hospital, Kabir Chaura, Varanasi Uttar Pradesh {Isolation and critical care}

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhya Govt Hospital, Pandeypur, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh-221002 {Isolation and Critical care}

[Dr. Kanta Prasad - 9451006046, Dr. R. S. Verma – 09415301513]

- online sources

Swine flu Vs Common Cold – symptoms

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

What are the typical symptoms of Swine Flu and how do you differentiate it from the common cold or the regular flu? The swine flu and the regular flu look identical to most people. Both have similar symptoms such as

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Sore Throat
  • Body Aches
However in some cases the swine flu may cause more discomfort. Patients could complain of nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, which are not typical symptoms of Influenza or Flu. People over 65, children under age 8 and anyone with a chronic medical condition are more susceptible to the virus.

What should you do if you Identify Swine Flu Symptoms?

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

People who have traveled from the affected countries in the past ten days and show symptoms of influenza A (H1N1, swine flu) like fever, cough, sore throat and difficulty in breathing should immediately contact the telephone number given below or the nearby Government Hospital.

IMPORTANT CONTACT NUMBERS:
Outbreak Monitoring Cell (Control Room, NICD): 011-23921401
Websites: www.mohfw.nic.in and www.nicd.nic.in

Steps being taken by Government of India to prevent outbreak of swine flu in India:

  • The strategy is basically to detect early cases among the passengers coming from the affected countries either by air, road or ship.
  • The Government has launched a massive mass media campaign to inform and educate people on dos and donts.
  • Sharing information with public through media.

Important Information for Swine Flu Treatment in Kolkata, India

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

The Union Government has identified the SDS Beliaghata Infectious Diseases Hospital,as the facility at Kolkata, for testing and isolation of suspected swine flu patients. The government has set up a screening facility at the Kolkata International Airport for all the inbound passengers to prevent the spread of H1N1. Doctors from the Hospital are round the clock screening the passengers at the Airport.

Beliaghata Infectious Diseases Hospital,
57, Beliaghata Main Road,
Kolkata
Ph:91-33-23701252

What can I do to protect myself from catching influenza A(H1N1)?

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

The main route of transmission of the new influenza A(H1N1) virus seems to be similar to seasonal influenza, via droplets that are expelled by speaking, sneezing or coughing. You can prevent getting infected by avoiding close contact with people who show influenza-like symptoms (trying to maintain a distance of about 1 metre if possible) and taking the following measures:
· avoid touching your mouth and nose;
· clean hands thoroughly with soap and water, or cleanse them with an alcohol-based hand rub on a regular basis (especially if touching the mouth and nose, or surfaces that are potentially contaminated);
· avoid close contact with people who might be ill;
· reduce the time spent in crowded settings if possible;
· improve airflow in your living space by opening windows;
· practise good health habits including adequate sleep, eating nutritious food, and keeping physically active.

Revised Guidelines for testing of persons with flu

Thursday, August 13th, 2009
Revised Guidelines for testing of persons with flu like symptoms reporting at hospitals notified for influenza H1N1
So far, the present guidelines stipulate that a person suspected of influenza A H1N1 need to be referred to an identified govt. health facility. He/she needs to be kept in an isolation facility in that hospital and if found positive, is treated accordingly. In order to make the testing facility for H1N1 more accessible at large and due to the onset of the Influenza season in the country, it has been decided to revise the existing guidelines. Under the new guidelines, any person with flu like symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, cold, running nose etc. should go to a designated Government facility for giving his/her sample for testing for the H1N1 virus. After clinical assessment, the designated medical officer would decide on the need for testing. Except for cases that are severe, the patient would be allowed to go home (This was not allowed under the existing guidelines). The sample of the suspect case would be collected and sent to the notified laboratory for testing. If tested as positive for H1N1 and in case the symptoms are mild, the patient would be informed and given the option of admission into the hospital or isolation and treatment at his own home. In case the patient opts for home isolation and treatment, he/she would be provided with detailed guidelines / safety measures to be strictly adhered to by the entire household of the patient. He/ she would have to provide full contact details of his entire household. The house hold and social contacts would be provided with the preventive treatment. Notwithstanding the above guidelines, the decision of the doctor of the notified hospital about admitting the patient would be final. In case the test is negative, the patient will accordingly be informed. These guidelines have been issued by the Government in public interest and shall be reviewed from time to time depending on the spread of the pandemic and its severity in the country. These guidelines would however not apply to passengers who are identified through screening at the points of entry. The existing policy of isolating passengers with flu like symptoms would continue.

GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS / COLLEGES/ INSTITUTIONS ON INFLUENZA A/H1N1

Thursday, August 13th, 2009
There have been some cases of Influenza A H1N1 virus among students and staff in certain schools, primarily in Delhi and Maharashtra. There has been considerable speculation over the need for closure of schools to control the outbreak. This matter has been considered by the Joint Monitoring Group in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. All schools and colleges are advised to observe the following guidelines for managing cases of infection of Influenza AH1N1.

  • (i) Any student or staff member showing flu like symptoms such as fever, cough, running nose and difficulty in breathing should be allowed to stay at home for a period of 7 to 10 days.
  • (ii) Educational institutions should not insist on production of medical certificate by the student/staff.
  • (iii) Educational institutions should monitor the health status of such students/staff who might have come in contact with a suspected case of Influenza AH1N1 to see whether they develop flu like symptoms. In case they do so, they should be allowed to stay home, as outlined at (i) above
  • (iv) In case of students staying in Hostels, the educational institutions would not only monitor the health status of the students, but also that of care providers. It has to be ensured that the care providers wear face mask and wash hands regularly. It might not be advisable to send the boarders back to home, as it would spread infection further.
  • (v) Educational institutions are further encouraged to report such cases to local health officers for further monitoring.
  • (vi) Given the current magnitude of the spread of AH1N1 infection and the fact that the current virus is fairly mild, closure of educational institutions on account of any student/staff member falling ill with flu like symptoms is not recommended.
  • (vii) In the first place, the schools should discourage the excursions of the students to the affected countries.
  • (viii) In case if the students had proceeded to affected countries on unavoidable tours, then on their return, if some students show flu like symptoms of fever, sore- throat , cough , body ache, running nose, difficulty breathing etc. they should be advised to abstain from attending school and be allowed to stay at home for a period of 7 to 10 days.

Source: MoHFW

Tips & Precautions to be taken at schools – Swine Flu / H1N1 virus

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

* Avoid close contact with people who are sick

* People who are sick with an influenza-like illness should stay home and keep away from others as much as possible, including avoiding travel, for at least 24 hours after fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Fever should be gone without the use of fever-reducing medicine). Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing

* Wash your hands often

* Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth

    Source: CDC

    Swine Flu, H1N1: Precautions one should take at home?

    Thursday, August 13th, 2009

    Two things – soap and water can reduce the chance of infection by 30 per cent. All you need to do is keep washing your hand with soap and water frequently. Wash hands frequently with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand cleaner when soap and water are not available. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth

    Eat healthy
    : Proteins are essential to help your body maintain and build strength. Lean meat, poultry, fish, legumes, dairy, eggs, and nuts and seeds are good sources of protein.

    The Food and Drug Administration recommends that adults eat 50 grams of protein per day. Pregnant and nursing women need more. By eating foods high in protein, we also get the benefit of other healing nutrients such as vitamins B6 and B12, both of which contribute to a healthy immune system.

    Vitamin B6 is widely available in foods, including protein foods such as turkey and beans as well as potatoes, spinach, and enriched cereal grains. Proteins such as meats, milk, and fish also contain vitamin B12, a powerful immune booster.

    Minerals such as selenium and zinc work to keep the immune system strong. These minerals are found in protein rich foods such as beans, nuts, meat, and poultry.

    Exercise: Regular exercise may help prevent the flu. According to recent findings, when moderate exercise is repeated on a near daily basis, there is a cumulative immune-enhancing effect. That is, your strong immune system can fight flu better. When you exercise, your white blood cells — the blood cells that fight infections in the body — travel through your body more quickly, fighting bacteria and viruses (such as flu) more efficiently. To maintain good health, experts recommend at least 30 minutes of aerobic activity such as walking, swimming, biking, or running each day.

    Source: Flu India website, CDC, WebMD

    How can Swine Flu / H1N1 be prevented? Tips & Precautions

    Thursday, August 13th, 2009

    Influenza antiviral drugs also can be used to prevent influenza when they are given to a person who is not ill, but who has been or may be near a person with swine influenza. When used to prevent the flu, antiviral drugs are about 70% to 90% effective. When used for prevention, the number of days that they should be used will vary depending on a person’s particular situation.

    Follow this general procedure to reduce the risk of catching or spreading the virus, you should:

    * Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, using a tissue
    * Throw the tissue away quickly and carefully
    * Wash your hands regularly with soap and water
    * Clean hard surfaces (like door handles and remote controls) frequently with a normal cleaning product
    * Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. Do not go to work or school while ill
    * Stay home for at least 24 hours after fever is gone, except to seek medical care or for other necessities. (Fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.)
    * Drink clear fluids (such as water, broth, sports drinks, electrolyte beverages for infants) to keep from being dehydrated
    * Wear a facemask – if available and tolerable – when sharing common spaces with other household members to help prevent spreading the virus to others.

    Source: CDC, National Health Service, UK website

    How does Swine flu virus spread?

    Thursday, August 13th, 2009

    The new swine flu virus is highly contagious, that is it spreads from person to person. The virus is spread through the droplets that come out of the nose or mouth when someone coughs or sneezes. If someone coughs or sneezes and they do not cover it, those droplets can spread about one metre (3ft). If you are very nearby you might breathe them in.

    Or, if someone coughs or sneezes into their hand, those droplets and the virus within them are easily transferred to surfaces that the person touches, such as door handles, hand rails, telephones and keyboards. If you touch these surfaces and touch your face, the virus can enter your system, and you can become infected.

    Source: National Health Service, UK website

    Swine flu symptoms

    Thursday, August 13th, 2009

    What are the symptoms?

    Swine flu symptoms are similar to the symptoms of regular flu and include fever of over 100.4°F, fatigue, lack of appetite, and cold. Some people with swine flu have also reported runny nose, sore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Nearly everyone with flu has at least two of these symptoms.

    So, how do you know if you have flu or just cold?
    There is one clue: when you have the flu, you feel flu symptoms sooner than you would cold symptoms, and they come on with much greater intensity. With the flu, you may feel very weak and fatigued for up to 2 or 3 weeks. You’ll have muscle aches and periods of chills and sweats as fever comes and goes. You may also have a stuffy or runny nose, headache, and sore throat.

    Can I compare flu symptoms with cold symptoms?
    Yes. The following chart can help you compare flu symptoms with cold symptoms. Use it to lean the differences and similarities between flu and cold symptoms. Then, if you get flu symptoms, call your doctor and ask about an antiviral drug.

    Symptoms Cold Flu
    Fever Rare Characteristic, high 100-102 degrees F); lasts 3-4 days
    Headache Rare Prominent
    General aches, pains Slight Usual; often severe
    Fatigue, Weakness Quite mild Can last up to 2-3 weeks
    Extreme Exhaustion Never Early and prominent
    Stuffy Nose Common Sometimes
    Chest Discomfort,Cough Mild to moderate; hacking cough Common; can become severe

    You cannot confirm if you have swine flu just based on your symptoms. Like seasonal flu, pandemic swine flu can cause neurologic symptoms in children. These events are rare, but, as cases associated with seasonal flu have shown, they can be very severe and often fatal.

    Doctors may offer a rapid flu test, but what you need to understand is a negative result doesn’t necessarily mean you don’t have the flu. Only lab tests can definitively show whether you’ve got swine flu. State health departments can do these tests.

    Source: WebMD

    Complications & Transmission Of Swine Flu / Influenza

    Wednesday, August 12th, 2009

    Complications Of Swine Influenza

    Those at higher risk of catching influenza in general include those with the following:

    * Age of 65 years or older
    * Chronic health problems (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease)
    * Pregnant women
    * Young children

    But the past epidemics and pandemics of flu have shown that during pandemics most people who succumb are healthy young adults.

    Complications of Swine Flu can include:

    * Pneumonia
    * Bronchitis
    * Sinus infections
    * Ear infections
    * Death

    Transmission of Swine Flu (How does Swine Flu spread?)

    As with other flu like illnesses, Swine influenza is spread as follows:

    * Coughing
    * Sneezing
    * Kissing
    * Touching infected objects
    * Touching nose, mouth and/or eyes with infected hands
    * Swine flu does not spread by eating pork.

    Read: Homeopathy medicine as prevention for SWINE FLU for kids.

    .

    Overview On Swine Flu

    Sunday, June 21st, 2009

    Like people, pigs can get influenza (flu), but swine flu viruses aren’t the same as human flu viruses. Swine flu doesn’t often infect people, and the rare human cases that have occurred in the past have mainly affected people who had direct contact with pigs. But the current “swine flu” outbreak is different. It’s caused by a new swine flu virus that has changed in ways that allow it to spread from person to person — and it’s happening among people who haven’t had any contact with pigs. That makes it a human flu virus. In an effort to avoid confusion, the CDC is calling the virus “novel influenza A (H1N1) virus” to distinguish it both from flu viruses that infect mainly pigs and from the seasonal influenza A H1N1 viruses that have been in circulation for many years.Like people, pigs can get influenza (flu), but swine flu viruses aren’t the same as human flu viruses. Swine flu doesn’t often infect people, and the rare human cases that have occurred in the past have mainly affected people who had direct contact with pigs. But the current “swine flu” outbreak is different.

    It’s caused by a new swine flu virus that has changed in ways that allow it to spread from person to person — and it’s happening among people who haven’t had any contact with pigs. That makes it a human flu virus. In an effort to avoid confusion, the CDC is calling the virus “novel influenza A (H1N1) virus” to distinguish it both from flu viruses that infect mainly pigs and from the seasonal influenza A H1N1 viruses that have been in circulation for many years.

    courtesy

    • Swine Flu/Swine Influenza refers to influenza caused by any strain of the influenza virus endemic in pigs (swine)
    • Swine flu is common in swine and rare in humans
    • People who work with swine are at risk of getting swine influenza if the swine carries a virus strain capable to infect humans (zoonotic transmission)
    • The outbreak of swine flu is due to mutation of Swine Influenza Virus (SIV) into a form which can pass easily from human to human
    • Swine Flu is also known as H1N1 flu, hog flu, and pig flu

    Symptoms of Swine Flu

    Tuesday, June 16th, 2009

    Although the name ‘swine flu’ brings up a lot of extra fear and worry, it is important to note that swine flu is just an influenza A H1N1 virus and hence symptoms are just like seasonal flu symptoms.

    According to the CDC, like seasonal flu, symptoms of swine flu infections can include:

    • fever, which is usually high, but unlike seasonal flu, is sometimes absent
    • cough
    • runny nose or stuffy nose
    • sore throat
    • body aches
    • headache
    • chills
    • fatigue or tiredness, which can be extreme
    • diarrhea and vomiting, sometimes, but more commonly seen than with seasonal flu

    Signs of a more serious swine flu infection might include pneumonia and respiratory failure.

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