Migraine is a debilitating and recurrent neurological disorder, characterized by a throbbing headache that is usually made worse by movement and is often associated with nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia. It is increasingly recognized as a disorder that seriously undermines patients’ ability to work, study and have a normal family life. Pain of a migraine headache is generally moderate to severe and is usually located on one side of the head.
Migraine pain differentiates from other types of headache, it has specific symptoms. These symptoms appear different from person to person in intensity, character, frequency and duration. Migraine attacks can appear as infrequently as a couple of times a year or almost every day. There are two main types of migraine: Classical Migraine – migraine with aura- and Common Migraine – migraine without no warning or aura.
A minority of migraine patients experience aura, which is the term for the sign of the pain to come. The sign can be described as bright spots or zigzag lines before the eyes and blurred vision or temporary visual loss. In rare cases numbness or tingling of the face and lips can be observed. These symptoms usually go away within one hour and replaced by a headache. But it also possible to have the aura and not the pain that comes after.
Most migraineurs can deal with mild-to-moderate migraine attacks at home. The following measures may help relieve migraine headache pain:
- Using a cold compress to the area of pain
- Resting with pillows comfortably supporting the head or neck
- Resting in a dark, quiet place
- Avoiding odors
- Withdrawing from stressful surroundings
- Drinking a moderate amount of caffeine