Treatment for Thalassemia depends on the form of thalassemia you have. If you have thalassemia minor and are simply a trait carrier, you will have no symptoms and no treatment is necessary. People with thalassemia intermedia may require red blood cell transfusions at varying levels of frequency, depending on the severity of their anemia. People with thalassemia major must receive red blood cell transfusions every two to three weeks.
Archive for the ‘Thalassemia’ Category
Generally, Thalassaemia can be classified into two categories based on the globin molecule which is affected and these two categories are the alpha (a) thalassaemia and the beta (ß) thalassaemia.
The most severe form of alpha thalassemia results in fetal or newborn death. Most individuals with alpha thalassemia have milder forms of the disease, with varying degrees of anemia.
Beta thalassemias range from very severe to having no effect on health.
– Thalassemia major, the most severe form, is also called Cooley’s anemia, named after the doctor who first described it in 1925.
– Thalassemia intermedia is a mild Cooley’s anemia.
– Thalassemia minor (also called thalassemia trait) may cause no symptoms, but changes in the blood do occur.
Thalassemia symptoms depend on the degree of anemia associated with the underlying thalassemia. Mild thalassemia usually does not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms of anemia may develop in more severe forms of the condition and may include:
- Skin that looks paler than normal.
- Jaundice (skin and whites of eyes appear yellow).
- Dark urine.
- Decreased appetite and weight loss (poor growth in a child).
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Shortness of breath during exercise.
Sometimes people can develop an enlarged spleen with associated discomfort in the abdomen. Other symptoms of a thalassemia include gallstones, fractures, jaundice, and impaired growth.
Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetic blood disorders. It is a medical disease whereby there is genetic defect in a human body and therefore resulted in a synthesis of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule. With the synthesis of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule, the blood cells will become vulnerable to mechanical injuries and therefore, die easily. Low levels of hemoglobin may cause anemia, an illness that makes you feel weak and tired.