Archive for the ‘Tuberculosis’ Category

Precautions for Tuberculosis

Wednesday, April 11th, 2012

1) Avoid smoking and stay away from pollution.

2) Avoid Alcohol and use of any drug apart from medicines.

3) Take balanced diet full of protein.

4) Avoid oily and fried food.

5) Avoid too much consumption of dry fruits and nuts such as cashew nuts and almonds.

What is Tuberculosis

Wednesday, September 13th, 2006

Tuberculosis.jpgTuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs. But, TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. TB disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States.

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.

However, not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. People who are not sick have what is called latent TB infection. People who have latent TB infection do not feel sick, do not have any symptoms, and cannot spread TB to others. But, some people with latent TB infection go on to get TB disease.

People with active TB disease can be treated and cured if they seek medical help. Even better, people with latent TB infection can take medicine so that they will not develop active TB disease.

Difference between TB infection and TB disease

Wednesday, September 13th, 2006

In most people who become infected, the body’s immune system is able to fight the TB bacteria and stop them from multiplying. The bacteria are not killed, but they become inactive and are stored harmlessly in the body. This is TB infection. People with TB infection have no symptoms and cannot spread the infection to others. However, the bacteria remain alive in the body and can become active again later.

If an infected person’s immune system cannot stop the bacteria from multiplying, the bacteria eventually cause symptoms of active TB, or TB disease. To spread TB to others, a person must have TB disease.

Most people who have TB infection never develop TB disease. But some infected people are more likely to develop TB disease than others. They include babies and children, persons with weak immune systems, and persons with some other kinds of lung disease. These people should take medicine to keep from developing TB disease. This is called preventive therapy.

Signs and Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Wednesday, September 13th, 2006

Typical signs of tuberculosis are:

  • Chronic or persistent cough and sputum production. If the disease is at an advanced stage the sputum will contain blood.
  • Fatigue.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Night sweats.

Tuberculosis can mimic many forms of disease and must always be considered if no firm diagnosis has been made.

Tuberculosis can be treated

Wednesday, September 13th, 2006

Tuberculosis can be treated very effectively through a combination of drugs. It is important to follow the physician’s directions and take the drugs exactly as recommended. If you forget to take your pills or if you take only one of them, the tuberculosis germs might become resistant to the drugs and start growing again.