Croup / Laryngotracheitis

May 27th, 2015

Croup is breathing difficulty accompanied by a “barking” cough. Croup, which is swelling around the vocal cords, is common in infants and children and can have a variety of causes. Croup, also known as laryngotracheitis, is an inflammation and narrowing of the larynx (voice box) and the trachea (windpipe) caused by an infection.

#Aconite [Acon]
Aconite is always the remedy in the beginning of croup, be it spasmodic or membranous in character. The child is suddenly aroused out of sleep gasping for breath. There is a most anxious distressed countenance, hot skin and much restlessness and tossing about. The cough is of the driest kind, loud and barking, no expectoration. If however, the remedy be continued a little while a little expectoration will appear and with it relief. Crop brought on by exposure to dry, cold winds calls for Aconite. The remedy should not be stopped too soon; if so the trouble will return the following night. The breathing is loud, especially the inspiratory effort. Ferrum phosphoricum often acts well in the beginning of croup. It may be distinguished from Aconite by the absence of anxiety and restlessness so characteristic of the latter drug Aconite croup comes on very suddenly. Veratrum viride is also a very useful remedy at commencement. The anxiety of Aconite is absent.

#Spongia [Spong]
Spongia is the great homoeopathic croup remedy, but it always comes in after Aconite. The breathing is harsh, sawing and hard as if the patient were breathing through a sponge. Hard barking ringing cough with scanty expectoration; in fact, it seems to get tighter and tighter every minute and almost threatens suffocation. It is worse before midnight, and it is especially well indicated in light complexioned children with blue eyes. It corresponds m;ore closely to the spasmodic form of croup than to the membranous.

#Hepar Sulphur [Hep]
This is the third of the great croup trinity, and it follows Spongia well. It has the same croupy sound, but there is a certain amount of moisture to it; it has a “loose edge.” It comes on after dry, cold winds, the breathing is whistling and there is great sensitiveness to the cold air. There must be some looseness of the cough to indicate Hepar; in fact, the child is apt to have choking fits with the cough. In the membranous form of croup it is useful when there are pains going from the throat

#Bromine [Brom]
Perhaps the next remedy in order is Bromine. Its indications are a deep, hoarse voice, and every attempt at inspiration produces coughing; the breathing is hoarse, rasping and whistling and there is rattling in the larynx, and when the child coughs the larynx sounds full of mucus. With Bromine the child is suddenly roused out of sleep as if choking and a drink of water often relieves the spasmodic condition. The sensation as if some of the membrane were loose in the larynx giving rise to this rattling, is very characteristic of this drug. There is also marked prostration. Antimonium tartaricum has this rattling down than Bromine. Bromine follows Hepar well when Hepar is unable to remove the exudation. Great suffocation so that the child wants to be carried from room to room is a good indication. Bromine follows iodine well. Preparations of Bromine soon decompose, so it becomes necessary to have them made fresh; prepare with distilled water, one drop of pure Bromine to six ounces of water. The higher homoeopathic attenuations never deteriorate nor lose their power.

#Kali muriaticum [Kali-m]
Clinically, Kali muriaticum has been found a very useful remedy in croup. It corresponds to croupous exudations, it has expectoration of gray fibrinous slime or phlegm from the mucous membrane. The cough is dry, hard and croupy,harsh and barking. It forms with Ferrum phosphoricum the principal tissue remedy treatment of croup.

#Kaolin [Kaol]
This is a remedy little used or thought of in croup. It has some good symptoms, however. It is useful for membranous croup when it extends downwards, and one of its characteristic symptoms is intense soreness along the trachea and upper part of the chest. The patient does not want anything to touch him because the chest is so sore. Ammonium causticum is considered by some specific in membranous croup.

#Kali bichromicum [Kali-bi]
This remedy is suitable to children with short, fat necks, and it is indicated in true membranous croup. The cough is metallic, the fauces and tonsils are red and swollen, breathing is labored and the larynx is sensitive. The child has smothering spells and awakens choking. The formation of a thick membrane takes place, and the tendency of the disease is to extend downward, becoming croupous bronchitis. There is violent wheezing, and the expectoration is of tough and stringy mucus. It offers the most hope of removing the false membrane. Cowperthwaite places this remedy before all others in membranous croup. When the spasm o;f the throat is very severe, Lachesis will sometimes be indicated. Mercurius proto-iodide has been successful in certain cases and if diphtheria is suspected Mercurius cyanatus.

#Sanguinaria [Sang]
This remedy may be useful in croup. There is the formation of a false membrane with dryness, burning and swollen feeling in the throat and a wheezing, whistling croupy cough. Dryness and burning are the keynotes of Sanguinaria.

Homeopathy treatment, or homeopathy medicine for the cure of corns

May 26th, 2015

A corn or callus are areas of thickened skin that occur in areas of pressure. They are actually a normal and natural way for the body to protect itself. For example, callus develops on the hand when chopping a lot of wood – its a normal way for the skin to protect itself. In the foot, the skin will thicken up to protect itself when there are areas of high pressure. The problem occurs when the pressure continues, so the skin gets thicker. It eventually becomes painful and is treated as something foreign by the body.

SYMPTOMS

• Pain in feet or heel on standing or walking.
• Variations in temperature, especially cold, dampness which cause spontaneous pain.

Homeopathy treatment

ANTIM. CRUD.

Corns inflamed, large horny placed on soles of feet close to the toes; thickened skin of soles & feet. Corn on soles & toes. Inflamed corn with great sensitiveness of soles on walking. Aching, stitching pains in corns.
For children and young people inclined to grow fat; for the extremes of life. Old people with morning diarrhea, suddenly become constipated, or alternate diarrhea and constipation; pulse hard and rapid. Sensitive to the cold < after taking cold.

ARNICA

Corns on heels and toes. Very sensitive. Very painful, stinging, stitching, smarting pain.
Nervous women, sanguine plethoric persons, lively expression and very red face. For the bad effects resulting from mechanical injuries; even if received years ago.
CAMPHOR

Corns with skin parchment like sore, painful corns which are very sensitive; soreness especially in toe joints and corns.
Pain better while thinking of it. Persons physically and mentally weak and irritable. Exceedingly sensitive to cold air. Bad effects of shock from injury; surface of body cold, face pale, blue, lips livid; profound prostration. Surface cold to touch, yet cannot bear to be covered; throws off all coverings. Entire body painfully sensitive to slightest touch. Tongue cold, flabby, trembling. Sudden attacks of vomiting and diarrhea; nose cold and pointed; anxious and restless; skin and breath cold. In first stages of cholera morbus and Asiatic cholera; severe, long-lasting chill.

FERR. PICRATE

Corns with yellow discolouration. Multiple corns which are very painful.

GRAPH.

Rough, hard, dry and unhealthy skin. Thin sticky, glutinous discharge. Soreness and aching in corns. Horny skin on toes.
Suited to – Excessive cautiousness; timid, hesitates; unable to decide about anything. Fidgety while sitting at work. Sad, despondent; music makes her weep; thinks of nothing but death.

LYCOPODIUM

Corns that are very sensitive with tearing pain. Skin becomes thick and indurated. Painful callosities on soles, toes and fingers contracted. Inflammation with stitching and soreness.
For persons intellectually keen, but physically weak; upper part of body emaciated, lower part semi-dropsical; predisposed to lung and hepatic affections; especially the extremes of life, children and old people. Deep-seated, progressive, chronic diseases. Pains: aching-pressure, drawing; chiefly right-sided, <. four to eight p.m. affects right side, or pain goes from right to left.

NAT. MUR.

Corns, painful scars. Greasy skin. Boring, tearing and stitching pain. Worse walking and standing.
For the anaemic and cachectic, whether from lots of vital fluids- profuse menses, seminal losses- or mental affections. Great emaciation; losing flesh while living well. Throat and neck of children emaciate rapidly during summer complaint. Great liability to take cold. Irritability: child cross when spoken to; crying from slightest cause; gets into a passion about trifles, especially when consoled with. Awkward , hasty, drops things from nervous weakness. Marked disposition to weep; sad weeping mood, without cause, but consolation from others <. her troubles.

RAN. SCLERATUS

Acute painful corns. Acrid exudation which makes surrounding parts sore. Corns on ball of 1st and 2nd left toes, sensitive to touch and pressure, smart and burn; very painful when letting leg hang down, they also throb and especially painful by flexing toes. Better by extending them, wearing thick soled boot at times. Numbness in corns, knocking toes against anything so as to cause boot to grate against corns, causes great pain and burning.

SILICEA

Inflamed corns with stitching, burning pains. Soreness of soles. Stitches in the corns, jerking up the feet.
Adapted to the nervous, irritable, sanguine temperament; persons of a psoric diathesis. Persons of light complexion; fine dry skin; pale face; weakly, with lax muscles. Constitutions which suffer from deficient nutrition, not because food is lacking in quality or quantity, but from imperfect assimilation; oversensitive, physically and mentally.
SULPHUR

Corns from pressure. If a shoe presses anywhere on the skin, a great corn or bunion develop. Burning, aching, tearing & stitching pain. Desquamation excoriation of the skin.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

May 22nd, 2015

This is also known as the ‘post viral syndrome’ or ‘myalgic enchphalomylitis;. This is a syndrome in which person suffering from an acute illness never seems to recover fully  from it. Even after the acute illness is over, the patient does not feel well and complains of malaise, fatigue, myalgia, headache, and exhaustion.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – CAUSE

  • Not known specifically. Usually occurs after an acute viral illness.
  • Enteroviruses are implicated.
  • Often occurs after mononucleosis.
  • Overexertion (mental or physical) during an acute illness can predispose to it.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • The most pronounced symptom is ‘fatigue’. the person always feels very tired, sometimes so much that even going from one room to other may seem like a chore.
  • Myalgia or body ache
  • General malaise and headache

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – HOW DIAGNOSIS IS MADE?

  • Diagnosis is usually done clinically.
  • There is no specific test but in some cases antibodies to Coxsackie-B or Epstein-Barr viruses may be present.
Some of the medicines that  used in this condition are carbo-veg, china, mygale-l, sarcolactic acid, natrum-sal etc.

Chikungunya – HOMEOPATHY TREATMENT & HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES

May 19th, 2015

Chikungunya – CAUSE

Alphavirus that is spread by mosquito bites from the Aedes aegypti and Aedes Albopictus mosquitos.

CHARACTERISTICS: Togaviridae (formerly group A arboviruses), genus Alphavirus; spherical, enveloped virions 60 nm in diameter, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome

PATHOGENICITY: Self limiting febrile viral disease; characterized by arthralgia or arthritis typically in the knee, ankle and small joints of the extremities, high fever, followed by a maculopapular rash; buccal and palatal enanthema can occur; nausea and vomiting may occur; mild hemorrhaging may be present especially in children; inapperent infections are common, immunity is long lasting.

Chikungunya – SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The primary symptoms of Chikungunya include –

  • Fever which can reach 39°C, (102.2 °F)
  • petechial or maculopapular rash usually involving the limbs and trunk
  • Arthralgia (bodyache) or arthritis affecting multiple joints which can be debilitating. The joint pains can be severe and even crippling.

There can also be headache, conjunctival infection and slight photophobia. Fevertypically lasts for two days and abruptly comes down, however joint pain, intenseheadacheinsomnia and an extreme degree of prostration lasts for a variable period, usually for about 5 to 7 days.

Dermatological manifestations observed in a recent outbreak of Chikungunya fever in Southern India includes the following:

  • Maculopapular rash
  • Nasal blotchy erythema
  • Freckle-like pigmentation over centro-facial area
  • Flagellate pigmentation on face and extremities
  • Lichenoid eruption and hyperpigmentation in photodistributed areas
  • Multiple aphthous-like ulcers over scrotum, crural areas and axilla.
  • Lympoedema in acral distribution (bilateral /unilateral)
  • Multiple ecchymotic spots (Children)
  • Vesiculobullous lesions (infants)
  • Subungual hemorrhage

Chikungunya – HOMEOPATHY TREATMENT & HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES

Homeopathy offers many medicines which may help in Chikungunya. These include medicines like Eupatorium-perf, Pyroginum, Rhus-tox, Cedron, Influenzinum, China, Arnica, BelladonaBryonia etc. Many homeopaths consider Eupatorium perf. as a preventive medicine for Chikungunya. The most commonly suggested potency as prophylaxis is 200C of Eupatorium perf. Eupatorium Perfoliatum Q (tincture, 3 to 5 drop dose)will remove the debilitating joint pains and cut short the intensity and duration of the disease. Other potencies may be used according to the intensity of the case.

Homeopathic remedies of Cerebral Ischemia and Cerebral Congestion

May 18th, 2015

Cerebral anemia usually refers to brain ischemia. Brain ischemia, also known as cerebral ischemia, is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand. This leads to poor oxygen supply or cerebral hypoxia and thus to the death of brain tissue or cerebral infarction / ischemic stroke. It is a sub-type of stroke along with subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage. Ischemia leads to alterations in brain metabolism, reduction in metabolic rates, and energy crisis.

There are two types of ischemia: focal ischemia, which is confined to a specific region of the brain; and global ischemia, which encompasses wide areas of brain tissue. The main symptoms involve impairments in vision, body movement, and speaking. The causes of cerebral ischemia vary from sickle cell anemia to congenital heart defects. Symptoms of cerebral ischemia can include unconsciousness, blindness, problems with coordination, and weakness in the body. Other effects that may result from cerebral ischemia are stroke, cardiorespiratory arrest, and irreversible brain damage.

Other Cerebral conditions

Cerebral congestion usually refers to heat stroke.

Cerebral Irritation has therefore come to be a term used to describe extreme “perceived” pain that a child experiences which is of unknown origin and where all other obvious causes of pain have been treated or ruled out. Meningeal irritation caused by a pain-reflex muscle contraction.

Cerebral softening (encephalomalacia) is a localized softening of the brain substance, due to hemorrhage or inflammation.

Homeopathic remedies of Cerebral Ischemia and Cerebral Congestion

#Aconite [Acon]
Aconite suits active cerebral congestion from heat of the sun or due to sudden emotional excitement. It suits the first stage of idiopathic inflammation of the brain,thirst,delirium and vertigo point to it. Any noise or light will aggravate the condition,and the eyes feel as if starting from their sockets.

#Belladonna [Bell]
This remedy has congestion and cerebral irritation with hot head, cold feet,throbbing carotids and headache. There are sharp, shooting pains in the head,which make the patient cringe. These pains are stabbing, come suddenly last indefinitely and cease suddenly, and they may be accompanied with vomiting. It is the prime remedy in the cerebral congestions of childhood. The child will bore the head into the pillow, have strabismus and convulsions. There is also a stupor out of the which the patient can hardly be aroused, and when aroused is very violent and delirious. Glonoine is very similar; it has a great rush of blood to the head and a sensation as if the head were enormously large and crowded with blood. It is aggravated by bending backward, relieved by motion and uncovering the head, while Belladonna is relieved by bending backward and by covering the head and is aggravated by motion.

#Hyoscyamus [Hyos]
Hyoscyamus is suitable for cerebral inflammation with pulsating waves through the head, relieved by shaking the head or sitting with the head bent forward, which is the opposite of Belladonna. Kali bromatum. This remedy has numb sensations in the head brought on by overwork.

#Stramonium [Stram]

This remedy suits inflammatory conditions of the brain with violent delirium or epileptiform seizures. Vertigo is a prominent symptom and also a transient blindness. It is especially useful in brain involvement in epilepsy. Veratrum viride suites the active form of cerebral hyperaemia. There is a full bounding pulse and symptoms of mania and convulsions

#Ferrum
A most valuable remedy for cerebral ischemia. There is disposition to faint, ischemic murmurs in the vessels in the neck; there is an appearance of full bloodedness, but the flesh is flabby and soft, and the patients are really very weak and anaemic. Arsenicum is especially indicated in cerebral ischemia due to malaria or as a result of excessive use of quinine. There is great depression of the vital forces, nausea, bloating of the hands, feet and face and other Arsenicum symptoms. Cinchona. Anemia (cerebral ischemia) due to long-continued drains on the system indicate this remedy.

#Nux vomica [Nux-v]
Nux suits ischemia of the brain brought on by a long-continuous over- stimulation caused by spirituous liquors, mental overwork and dissipation in general. It suits also softening of the brain due to sedentary habits and intemperance. The headache characteristic of the drug is present, the gastric symptoms, the unsteady gait, and the vertigo. The memory is weakened, the patient is sleepless. Anacardium. This drug is especially to be thought of in loss memory. Opium. This remedy suits a passive cerebral congestion with great heaviness of the head and vertigo on rising. It produces a continual sopor, even insensibility, with dark redness of the face and coldness and paleness of the rest of the body. The pulse is slow and the breathing is stertorous; it suits hyperaemia of the brain dependent upon sedentary life.

Candida

May 16th, 2015

Candida or Monilia is a skin rash caused by a yeast living on normal skin of 80% of all people. In most people, the presence of this yeast on the skin is not visible. In some people, for unknown reasons, the yeast grows (yeast overgrowth) more actively and causes a red, itchy, scaling rash. The yeast likes warm moist areas and usually grows in the skin folds under the breast, stomach, and arm pits.

 Symptoms

Red, itchy, scaling rash on skin, usually worse in the skin folds under the breast, stomach, and arm pits.

 Homeopathic Treatment

Homeopathy is very well known for its effectiveness in skin-disorders. There are many homeopathic medicines which have been used clinically against fungal diseases and candida. The following homeopathic medicines may help in the treatment of Candida:

Sulphur, Sepia, Antim crud, Natrum mur, Natrum salicylicum, Petroleum, Medorrhinum, Thuja etc.

Homeopathy for Breast Pain and Breast Cancer

May 15th, 2015

Mastitis is the inflammation of breast tissue. It is called puerperal mastitis when it occurs in lactating mothers and non-puerperal otherwise. Mastitis can occur in men, albeit rarely. The signs and symptoms usually appear suddenly and they include: Breast tenderness or warmth to the touch, General malaise or feeling ill, Swelling of the breast, Pain or a burning sensation continuously or while breast-feeding, Skin redness, often in a wedge-shaped pattern, Fever of 101 F (38.3 C) or greater,The affected breast can then start to appear lumpy and red.

Breast cancer: A cancerous tumor in the breast is a mass of breast tissue that is growing in an abnormal, uncontrolled way. The tumor may invade surrounding tissue, or shed cells into the bloodstream or lymph system.

There are two main types of breast cancer:

Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.
Lobular carcinoma starts in the parts of the breast, called lobules, which produce milk.

Symptoms of breast cancer may include:

  • Breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, usually does not hurt
  • Change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple — for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange
  • Fluid coming from the nipple — may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, and look like pus.
 Homeopathy Treatment & Remedies

#Conium. [Con]
This remedy has a specific action on the female breast, dissipating its swelling and tumors and relieving its pains. Tumors of a suspicious nature (cancer) in the mammae have been caused to disappear by the use of Conium. They are the seat of a piercing pains, worse at night, and the rest of the gland is tender. Conium corresponds also to injuries of the breast from a blow or pressure or overuse of arms; the characteristics are the hardness and the extreme sensitiveness; the breasts are painful even to the touch of the clothes or the jar of walking. This remedy suits cases where the gland becomes inflamed after every little cold. Pruritus is a confirming symptom. Bryonia. Breasts become hard and painful. Mastitis commencing with a chill, stitching pains, tense swelling, headache and other general Bryonia symptoms.

#Phytolacca. [Phyt]
This remedy is suitable to irritable mammary tumors (inflammatory breast cancer); the breasts are very sensitive during nursing, with an excessive flow of milk. There is tendency of the breasts to cake and suppurate; here no remedy is so useful; the pains seem to radiate from the nipple all over the body, especially down the arm from the axilla. Patient is chilly, rigors showing suppuration ; sore and fissured nipples; also Graphites and Hepar. Great aching all over the body with any of these condition is greatly characteristic. Croton tiglium. Pains shoot from nipple to the shoulders. Phellandrium. Stitching pain in nipple and pain along the milk ducts. Arnica. Tumors of the mammary gland from bruises. There is a discoloration of the parts and everything adds to the soreness; clothing, bandage, etc.

#Calcarea fluorica. [Calc-f]
This remedy corresponds to hard indurated swellings in the female breast. It has an excellent clinical record in dissipating these growths. Silicea suits chronic cases of mastitis with fistulous openings and callous edges. It will often disperse hard lumps in the breast. Sabal serrulata is said to materially aid in growth of undeveloped mammary glands.

#Aconite. [Acon]
This should be used in the initial chill of acute mastitis, and it may be followed by Belladonna when red streaks radiate from a central point accompanied by pulsating pains, headache and a hardness of the breasts.Mercurius may be used when throbbing or transient chills indicate the beginning of suppuration. Sulphur may also be needed.
#Pulsatilla [Puls]
is also an excellent remedy in scanty flow or absence of milk, the patient being gloomy or tearful. It is useful where mechanical irritation excites the flow of milk in young girls. Urtica urens. Non-appearance of milk, with no special symptoms, may be corrected by this remedy.

Boils on Skin, Back, Armpit (Underarms), Buttocks, Face.

May 14th, 2015

A boil, also referred to as a skin abscess, is a localized infection deep in the skin. A boil generally starts as a reddened, tender area. Over time, the area becomes firm and hard. Eventually, the center of the abscess softens and becomes filled with infection-fighting white blood cells that the body sends from the blood stream to eradicate the infection. This collection of white blood cells, bacteria, and proteins is known as pus. Finally, the pus “forms a head,” which can be surgically opened or spontaneously drain out through the surface of the skin.

 Homeopathic Treatment

#Belladonna [Bell]
In boils with much swelling and redness Belladonna is the remedy to be used in the early stages. Boils recurring in the spring also indicate the remedy. Arnica produces a crop of boils all over, beginning with soreness, go on to suppuration, and another crop follows. When the boils partially mature and shrivel up Arnica is the remedy indicated. Calcarea picrata has achieved a clinical reputation in boils.

#Silicea [Sil]
This is a great boil remedy, and, in conjunction with Hepar sulphuris, prescribed for the general indications of abscess will cover many cases. It is a remedy to prevent boils. It produces inflammation of the connective tissue, and following the boil will be a plastic indurated and often inflamed lump, which Silicea will remove. Calcarea sulphurica is also a remedy to remove the tumefaction of boils. Arsenicum and Carbo vegetabilis come in boils of a low adynamic type.

#Sulphur [Sulph]
This remedy produces a tendency to boils and is applicable to scrofulous persons. Hughes recommends a course of Sulphur 12. Phytolacca is said to be specific in boils. Lycopodium. Evans says the trinity of remedies for boils is Belladonna, Arnica and Lycopodium. Berberis vulgaris hastens suppuration in boils and prevents their recurrence.

Arteriosclerosis

May 13th, 2015

Arteriosclerosis {ahr-tir-ee-oh-skluh-roh’-sis} is a term used to describe several diseases that involve the cardiovascular system and the many arteries and vessels which make it up. Atherosclerosis invades both the superficial and deep layers of the vessel walls. Arteriosclerosis is often referred to as “hardening of the arteries.”

Arteriosclerosis occurs over a period of many years during which the arteries of the cardiovascular system develop areas which become hard and brittle. Vessels become thickened. There is a loss of elasticity. It can involve the arteries of the cardiovascular system, the brain, kidneys, upper and lower extremities. This occurs because of the deposition of calcium in their walls.

Arteriosclerosis can result in different set of symptoms depending upon which arteries are more affected. Arteriosclerosis can lead to hypertension, coronary artery disease (angina and heart attack), vertigo, impotence in males, intermittent claudication and even kidney failure, stroke or paralysis in extreme cases etc.

 Homeopathy Treatment

#Baryta muriatica [Bry]
This drug produces lesions of arteriosclerosis of the large blood vessels and aorta, similar to senile atheroma. It would be difficult to find a drug having closer resemblances to the phenomena of arteriosclerosis than Baryta muriatica. It has the headache which is more or less severe, but which is rather a heaviness, worse at night when lying down. Dizziness of old people. Apoplexy or threatened apoplexy, with buzzing in the ears. It should be given for a long pulmonary arteriosclerosis. It should be given for a long time.

#Arnica [Arn]
This is a remedy of value in cerebral arteriosclerosis,vertigo of the aged, heaviness and cerebral affections, plethoric people who have a tendency to haemorrhages.

#Plumbum [Plumb]
Hypertension and arteriosclerosis. It seems to suit rather the pre- sclerotic states than those of actual sclerosis, which latter are naturally unattackable by any drug. It has a cramp like constriction of the peripheral arteries, a wiry pulse, and especially if the symptoms be associated with a chronic nephritis it is all the more indicated. Patient feels the pulse in the fingers.

#Aurum muriaticum [Aur-m]
It corresponds well with ;old age and if the characteristic mental symptoms of Aurum are present it will help promptly. It seems to have a special affinity to the arteries of the head. It is probably more useful than Aurum iodatum; both are powerful, deep-acting drugs.

#Ergotin [Ergot]
In ergot poisoning the arterial walls ares degenerated and stiffened there is a spasmodic contraction of the vessels, the heart’s action is increased and the cost of the vessels ares hardened. In the beginning of arteriosclerosis when only the cardiac irritation and the hard heart sounds are present Ergotin 3x or 6x is the chief remedy. In more progressive forms with endarteritic processes in the heart and arteries of the head, the 2x and 1x triturations are to be preferred. A curative action is frequently had in these cases,. It corresponds to and should be used especially in early cases.

Anorexia nervosa

May 12th, 2015

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder affecting mainly girls or women, although boys or men can also suffer from it. It usually starts in the teenage years.

 Causes

The cause of anorexia nervosa is unknown, although it is likely that both inherent biological factors and factors in the patient’s social environment play a part. The disease is mainly encountered in the western world and is more common among women in certain professions, such as models and ballet dancers. Puberty, deaths in the family and other life stresses are all believed to be potential triggers of anorexia.

 Symptoms

Weight loss of at least 15 per cent below the normal ideal body weight for a person of the same age and height.

Cessation of periods or delayed development in puberty.

Self-induced weight loss. Methods can include fasting, low food intake, excessive exercise, diuretic medicines (medicines that make you urinate more) laxatives, diet pills or vomiting. Sometimes people make themselves sick to lose weight. Others take excessive exercise.

Sufferers have a constant fear of gaining weight, as well as a feeling of being fat, even when their weight is much less than that of other people of the same height.

Sufferers may feel bloated, even after a small meal.

They may lose interest in socializing with friends.

Other side effects include tiredness, feeling cold, constipation and stomachache.

Some patients also develop additional disorders such as bulimia.

 Facts and statistics

  • Anorexia is the third most common chronic illness among adolescents.
  • 95% of those who have eating disorders are between the ages of 12 and 25.
  • 25% of college-aged women engage in binging and purging as a weight-management technique.
  • The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate associated with all causes of death for females 15-24 years old.
  • Over one-half of teenage girls and nearly one-third of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives
  • Women are much more likely than men to develop an eating disorder. Only an estimated 5 to 15 percent of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.
  • An estimated 0.5 to 3.7 percent of women suffer from anorexia nervosa in their lifetime.14 Research suggests that about 1 percent of female adolescents have anorexia.
  • 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems.