Kidney stones

Kidneys are two small fist-sized organs, located behind the abdomen, on either side of the spinal cord. Their main function is to flush out the toxins from the blood in the form of urine. Kidney ‘stones’ is a medical condition that has found mention since prehistoric times. Archaeologists have found evidence related to the presence of kidney stones in the Egyptian mummies.

Men are known to suffer more than women from this extremely painful affliction which is generally seen in people between the ages of 30-50yrs.It is more prevalent in industrialized countries, possibly due to the adversely fast lifestyle, while in developing countries bladder stones are more common, especially among young children.

Kidney stones or calculi are formed when the urine becomes concentrated. They may occur anywhere along the urinary tract causing pain, obstruction and secondary infection. Of late, the incidence of kidney stones has increased among the general population, which experts believe is due, largely, to the change in lifestyle and dietary habits.

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