Archive for the ‘Hypocalcemia’ Category

Hypocalcemia – its causes & symptoms

Saturday, February 28th, 2015

Causes of Hypocalcemia:

  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • HORMONAL IMBALANCE: FUNCTION OF THYROID GLAND AND PARATHYROID GLANDS: Parathyroid glands are responsible for balance of calcium and phospore in the blad. Parathyroid glands are part of thyroid gland, and usualy if thyroid gland is underactive, parathyroid glands are affected as well.
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Magnesium deficiency
  • Alcoholism
  • Biphosphonate therapy – drugs used to treat high blood calcium levels or pills used to treat osteoporosis.
  • Certain types of leukemia or blood disorders
  • A complication of chemotherapy, tumor lysis syndrome, occurs when your body breaks down tumor cells rapidly, after chemotherapy. This may cause hypocalcemia, high blood potassium levels, and other electrolyte abnormalities.
  • Drugs such as diuretics, estrogens replacement therapy, fluorides, glucose, insulin, excessive laxative use, and magnesium may also lead to hypocalcemia.
  • Chemotherapy drugs (cisplatin)
  • Diuretics (furosemide[Lasix] or bumetanide[Bumex])
  • Antibiotics (amphotericin B)
  • Corticosteroids
  • Certain things in your diet, like caffeine, phosphates (found in soda pop) can make difficulties to calcium apsorption.

Symptoms of Hypocalcemia:

  • The most common sign of hypocalcemia is “neuromuscular irritability.” Your nerves and muscles, which are directly related to blood calcium levels, may spasm or twitch.
  • If your blood test results indicate hypocalcemia, you may have muscle cramps in your legs or your arms.
  • The symptoms of hypocalcemia you experience may relate to how fast or how slowly the fall in blood calcium levels occur.
    • If you have long-standing low blood calcium levels, you may notice no symptoms of hypocalcemia.
    • If you have an “acute” or sudden drop in your blood calcium level, you may notice more twitching.
  • numbness and tingling of fingers and toes.
  • you can be depressed, or more irritable
  • You may become confused or disoriented AND VERY, VERY SLEEPY.
  • heart muscle contracts irregularly due to the electrolyte disturbance.
  • Increased urination.
  • Poor appetite that does not improve
  • sudden fall of level of calcium can cause: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.